Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Separately Published Titles | Other Works | Selected Works on Simms | Selected Contextual and Documentary Works

Separately Published Titles by William Gilmore Simms top


As Simms Initiatives staff processes these titles, and especially as they become aware of past mistakes in attributing Edition and Printing distinctions, details of this list might change slightly. Those titles that appear in bold will be made available by University of South Carolina Press in Print-on-Demand format. See our Print on Demand page for information about availability.

The Army Correspondence of Colonel John Laurens, Ed. (1867)

Aryetos: Or, Songs of the South (1846)

As Good as a Comedy; or, The Tennesseean's Story (1852)

As Good as a Comedy: and, Paddy McGann; or, The Demon of the Stump (1972)

Atalantis. A Story of the Sea (1832)

Atalantis. A Story of the Sea (1848)

Beauchampe: Or, The Kentucky Tragedy, 2 vols. (1842)

Beauchampe or the Kentucky Tragedy (Beauchampe, vol. 2 ― See Charlemont below) (1856)

Biographical Sketch from the Life of M.C.M. Hammond (1876)

The Book of My Lady. A Melange (1833)

Border Beagles; A Tale of Mississippi, 2 vols. (1840)

Border Beagles; A Tale of Mississippi (1859)

Carl Werner, An Imaginative Story, 2 vols. (1838)

The Cassique of Accabee. A Tale. With Other Poems. (1849)

The Cassique of Accabee. A Tale of Ashley River. With Other Pieces. (1849)

The Cassique of Kiawah: A Colonial Romance (1859)

Castle Dismal: Or, The Bachelor's Christmas (1844)

Charlemont or the Pride of the Village (Beauchampe, vol. 1― See Beauchampe above) (1856)

Charleston and Her Satirists, 2 vols. (1848)

The Charleston Book, Ed. (1845)

Charleston: The Palmetto City (1976)

The City of the Silent: A Poem (1850)

Confession; Or, The Blind Heart, 2 vols. (1841)

Confession; Or, The Blind Heart (1856)

The Cosmopolitan: An Occasional. No. 1 (1833)

The Cosmopolitan: An Occasional. No. 2 (1833)

Count Julian; Or, the Last Days of the Goth (1845)

The Cub of the Panther. A Hunter Legend of the "Old North State" (1997)

The Damsel of Darien, 2 vols. (1839)

Donna Florida: A Tale (1843)

Early Lays (1827)

Egeria: Or, Voices of Thought and Counsel, for the Woods and Wayside (1853)

Eutaw: A Sequel to The Forayers (1856)

Father Abbot, Or, the Home Tourist (1849)

Flirtation at the Moultrie House (1850)

The Forayers or The Raid of the Dog-Days (1855)

The Geography of South Carolina (1843)

[The Ghost of My Husband (1866)] (Not located)

The Golden Christmas (1852)

Grouped Thoughts and Scattered Fancies. A Collection of Sonnets (1845)

Guy Rivers: A Tale of Georgia, 2 vols. (1834)

Guy Rivers: A Tale of Georgia (1860)

Helen Halsey: Or, The Swamp State of Conelachita (1845)

The History of South Carolina (1840)

The History of South Carolina (1842)

The History of South Carolina (1860)

Inauguration of the Spartanburg Female College (1855)

Joscelyn A Tale of the Revolution (1975)

Katherine Walton: Or, The Rebel of Dorchester (1851)

Katherine Walton: Or, The Rebel of Dorchester (1859)

The Kinsmen: Or The Black Riders of Congaree, 2 vols. (1841)

Lays of the Palmetto (1848)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 1 (1952)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 2 (1953)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 3 (1954)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 4 (1955)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 5 (1956)

The Letters of William Gilmore Simms, Vol. 6 (1982 ― with a new appendix [2011])

The Life of Francis Marion (1844)

The Life of Captain John Smith (1846)

The Life of Chevalier Bayard (1847)

The Life of Nathaniel Green, Ed. (1849)

The Lily and the Totem, or, The Huguenots in Florida (1850)

Lyrical and Other Poems (1827)

Marie de Berniere: A Tale of the Crescent City (1853)

Martin Faber; The Story of a Criminal (1833)

Martin Faber and Other Tales, 2 vols. (1837)

Matilda: The Spectre of the Castle (1846)

Mellichampe. A Legend of Santee, 2 vols. (1836)

Mellichampe. A Legend of Santee (1857)

Michael Bonham: Or, The Fall of Bexar (1852)

Monody, on The Death of Gen. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1825)

Norman Maurice; Or, The Man of the People (1851)

Norman Maurice; Or, The Man of the People (1852)

The Partisan, 2 vols. (1835)

The Partisan: A Tale of the Revolution (1859)

Pelayo: A Story of the Goth, 2 vols. (1838)

Poems, Descriptive, Dramatic, Legendary, and Contemplative, 2 vols. (1853)

Poetry and the Practical (1996)

The Power of Cotton (1856)

The Prima Donna: A Passage from City Life (1844)

The Remains of Maynard Davis Richardson (1833)

Richard Hurdis; Or, The Avenger of Blood, 2 vols. (1838)

Richard Hurdis; Or, The Avenger of Blood, 2 vols. (1856)

Sabbath Lyrics; Or, Songs from Scripture (1849)

Sack and Destruction of the City of Columbia (1856)

The Scout or the Black Riders of Congaree (1854)

Self-Development (1847)

The Sense of the Beautiful (1870)

Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond (1866)

Simms's Poems Areytos or Songs and Ballads of the South with Other Poems (1860)

Slavery in America (1838)

The Social Principle (1843)

The Sources of American Independence (1844)

South Carolina in the Revolutionary War (1853)

Southern Passages and Pictures (1839)

Southward Ho! A Spell of Sunshine (1854)

Stories and Tales (1975 ― includes the separately published Martin Faber [1833], The Prima Donna [1844], and Flirtation at the Moultrie House [1850])

A Succinct Memoir of the Life and Public Services of Colonel John Laurens, Ed. (1867)

A Supplement to the Plays of William Shakespeare (1848)

The Sword and the Distaff; Or, "Fair, Fat and Forty" (1852)

Transatlantic Tales (1842)

The Tri Color; or The Three Days of Blood, in Paris (1830)

Vasconcelos. A Romance of the New World (1853)

Views and Reviews, 2 vols. (1845)

The Vision of Cortes, Cain, and Other Poems (1829)

Voltmeier Or The Mountain Men (1969)

War Poetry of the South (1866)

The Wigwam and the Cabin, 2 vols. (1845)

The Wigwam and the Cabin (1859)

Woodcraft or Hawks About the Dovecote (1854)

The Yemassee. A Romance of Carolina, 2 vols. (1835)

The Yemassee. A Romance of Carolina (1854)

Young Ladies' Book of Romantic Tales (1839)


Other Works by William Gilmore Simms top


"The Ages of Gold and Iron." Ladies' Companion 15 (May 1841): 12-14.

"American Criticism and Critics." Southern Literary Journal 2 (July 1836): 393-404.

"Analogy between Poetry and Painting (Parts 1 and 2)." Southern Literary Gazette (Feb. 1829): 298-306, and (Mar. 1829): 350-56.

"Ancient and Modern Culture." Magnolia 4 (May 1842): 308-311.

"Bayard, the Chevalier." Southern and Western 2 (August 1845): 73-85; (September 1845): 193- 200.

"Benedict Arnold: The Traitor. A Drama, in an Essay." Magnolia Weekly 1 (May 16-Aug. 1, 1863): 165-67, 173-75, 186-87, 194-95, 202-03, 210-11, 218-19, 226-27, 234-35, 250- 51, 258-59.

"Bird's Eye View in Short Flights." Charleston Courier 7, 11, 12, 24, 25, 27 (June 1867).

"The Broken Arrow. An Authentic Passage from Unwritten American History." Ladies' Companion 18 (January 1844): 110-119.

"Brothers of the Coast." Ms. in the Charles Carroll Simms Collection, South Caroliniana Library, U of South Carolina. Transcript shared by Nicholas Meriwether.

"A Chapter on the Supernatural." Orion 3 (February 1844): 227-238.

"Charleston: The Palmetto City." Harper's Monthly 15 (June 1857): 1-22.

"Carlyle's Works." Southern Quarterly Review 14 (July 1848): 77-101.

"Carolina Sports by William Elliott." Southern Quarterly Review 12 (July 1847): 67-90.

"The Civil Warfare in the Carolinas and Georgia, during the Revolution." Southern Literary Messenger 12.5-7 (1846): 257-65, 321-36, 385-400.

"Dickens' Bleak House." Southern Quarterly Review, new series 9 (January 1854): 224-228.

"Ellet's 'Women of the Revolution.'" Southern Quarterly Review ns 1.2 (1850): 314-54.

"Fanny Kemble Butler's A Year of Consolation." Southern Quarterly Review 12 (July 1847): 191-236.

"Flights to Florida." Charleston Courier 27 (February 1867); 5, 8, 14, 20, 28 (March 1867); 5, 12, 16, 25 (April 1867); 2, 9 (May 1867).

"The Genius and Writings of Thackeray" Southern Quarterly Review new series 3 (January 1851): 74-100.

"The Good Farmer." Ladies' Companion 15 (August 1841): 154-157.

"Guizot's Democracy in France." Southern Quarterly Review 15.29 (1849): 114-65.

"Idylls of the Apalachian" I and II. Ed. Miriam Shillingsburg. Appalachian Journal 1 (1972-73): 2-11, 146-60.

"The Hermitage." Charleston Southern Patriot December 1846.

"The Humorous in American and British Literature." Southern and Western 2 (September 1845): 142- 184.

"Literature in Ancient Rome." Southern and Western 1 (January 1845): 17-25.

"Literature of the Bible." Southern Quarterly Review 7 (January 1845): 103-123.

"Look at Home." Columbia Phoenix 16 (June 1865).

"Marion-The Carolina Partisan." Russell's Magazine I IV (1858):1-16, 113-128.

"Marion [poem]." Russell's Magazine III IV (1858): 212-218, IV IV (1859): 312-321, V IV (1859): 406-415, VI IV (1859): 505-509.

"Modern Prose Fiction." Southern Quarterly Review 15 (April 1848): 41-83.

"The Moral Character of Hamlet." Orion 4 (March 1844): 41-51; (April 1844): 76-89; (May 1844): 105-115; (June 1844): 179-194.

"The Morals of Slavery." In The Pro-Slavery Argument as Maintained by the Most Distinguished Writers of the Southern States, 175-285. Charleston: Walker, Richards, & Co., 1852.

"A Passage With the Veterans Quarterly." The Southern and Western Monthly Magazine. (May 1845): 297-312.

"Philosophy of Debt and Dunning." Magnolia, new series 1 (September 1842): 141-145.

"The Philosophy of the Omnibus." American Monthly 3 (May 1834): 153-159.

"Poe's Poetry." Charleston Southern Patriot 10 (November 1845).

"Poems by William W. Lord." Southern and Western 2 (August 1845): 133-137.

"The Poetical Works of Wordsworth." Southern Quarterly Review, new series 2 (September 1850): 1- 23.

"The Progress of Civilization." American Monthly 3 (August 1834): 361- 372.

"Religious Instructions of Slaves" Southern Quarterly Review 14 (July 1848): 170-183.

"Shakspeariana." Southern Literary Journal, new series 4 (September 1838): 184-192; (October 1838): 253-256.

"Skeleton Essays; or, Laconics on Literature, Law, Morals, etc." The Ladies' Companion (October 1841): 296-301.

"Slavery and the Abolitionists." Southern Quarterly Review 15.29 (1849): 165-223.

"The Southern Convention." Southern Quarterly Review ns 2.3 (1850): 191-232.

"Summer Travel in the South." Southern Quarterly Review, new series 2 (September 1850): 24-65.

"What Moves the Table." Southern Quarterly Review, new series 8 (October 1853): 480-501.

"William Cullen Bryant." Magnolia (Apr. 1842): 193-200.

"Woodlands," Columbia Phoenix. 12 (April 1865).

"The Writing of Washington Allston." Southern Quarterly Review 4 (October 1843): 363-414.


Selected Works on Simms and His Writings top


The Simms Review is devoted to Simms and has been published for 18 years. Beginning with volume 17 (2009), however, it expanded its format and consequently could include full-scale articles as well as research notes and short documents. The Winter 2003 issue of The Southern Quarterly (41.2), the Summer 2003 issue of Studies in the Novel (35.2), and the Spring 2009 issue (42.1) of Studies in the Literary Imagination all focus exclusively on Simms and his writing.

Bakker, Jan. "Simms on the Literary Frontier; or, So Long Miss Ravenel and Hello Captain Porgy: Woodcraft Is the First 'Realistic' Novel in America." In Guilds and Collins.

Belser, William Gordon, Jr. "William Gilmore Simms: Fictionist as Military Historian of the Revolution." Diss. St. John's U, 1977.

Brennan, Matthew. The Poet's Holy Craft: William Gilmore Simms and Romantic Verse Tradition. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 2010.

Brown, Jerome King. William Gilmore Simms and the American Historical Romance. Diss. University of Kansas, 1978. Ann Arbor: UMI, 1978.

Bush, Robert. "Introduction to Paddy McGann; or, the Demon of the Stump." In The Writings of William Gilmore Simms. Centennial Edition. V. 3. Introductions and Explanatory Notes by Robert Bush. Texts Established by James B. Meriwether. Columbia: U South Carolina P, xix-xxx.

Busick, Sean. A Sober Desire for History: William Gilmore Simms as Historian. Columbia: U South Carolina P, 2005.

---. "Simms's War Poetry of the South: Notes Toward a Reconsideration," in Simms Review (Special Issue: Simms the Poet), 17 (Summer/Winter 2009): 49-53.

Butterworth, Keen and James E. Kibler, Jr.  William Gilmore Simms: A Reference Guide.  Boston:  G.K. Hall & Co., 1980.

Butterworth, Keen. "Introduction." In Simms, Backwoods, [xv]-xxvi.

Christophersen, Merrill. "Simm's [sic] Northern Speaking Tour in 1856: A Tragedy." Southern Communication Journal 36.2 (Winter 1970): 139-51.

Collins, Kevin. "An Earlier Frontier Thesis: Simms as an Intellectual Precursor to Frederick Jackson Turner." Studies in the Literary Imagination 42.1 (2009): 33-58.

---. "Experiments in Realism: Doubling in Simms's The Cassique of Kiawah." Southern Literary Journal 34.2 (2002): 1-13.

---. "The Sublime and the Subliminal: Simms's Secondary Purpose in The Cassique of Kiawah." Conference paper given at the William Gilmore Simms Society conference, University of South Carolina, April 2002.

Dye, Renee. "A Sociology of the Civil War: Simms's Paddy McGann." Southern Literary Journal 28.2 (1996): 3-23.

Guilds, John C. Simms: A Literary Life. Fayetteville: U Arkansas P, 1992.

---. Introduction. The Writings of William Gilmore Simms, vol. V, Stories and Tales. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1974. xi-xxiv.

---. "Simms as Editor and Prophet: The Flowering and Early Death of the Southern Magnolia." The Southern Literary Journal. 4.2 (Spring 1972): 69-92.

----. The Simms Reader: Selections from the Writings of William Gilmore Simms. Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 2001.

---. "William Gilmore Simms and the Portrayal of the American Indian: A Literary View." An Early and Strong Sympathy: The Indian Writings of William Gilmore Simms, eds. John C. Guilds and Charles Hudson. Columbia: U South Carolina P, 2003: xii-xxxiii.

---, ed. "Long Years of Neglect": The Work and Reputation of William Gilmore Simms. Fayetteville: U of Arkansas P, 1988.

--- and Caroline Collins, eds. William Gilmore Simms and the American Frontier. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1997.

Hetherington, Hugh W, ed.  Cavalier of Old South Carolina:  William Gilmore Simms's Captain Porgy.  Chapel Hill:  U of North Carolina P, 1966.

Higham, John W. "The Changing Loyalties of William Gilmore Simms." Journal of Southern History 9.2 (May 1943): 210-23.

Holman, C. Hugh. "The Influence of Scott and Cooper on Simms," The Roots of Southern Writing: Essays on the Literature of the American South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1972. 50-60.

---. Introduction. Views and Reviews in American Literature History and Fiction. First Series. By William Gilmore Simms. Cambridge: Harvard, 1962. vii-xxxvii.

---. "Simms's Changing View of Loyalists during the American Revolution." Mississippi Quarterly 29 (1976): 501-13.

---. "William Gilmore Simms's Picture of the Revolution as a Civil War," The Roots of Southern Writing: Essays on the Literature of the American South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1972. 35-49.

Hoole, William Stanley. "Alabama and W. Gilmore Simms." Alabama Review 16 (April 1963): 83-10.

---. "Alabama and W. Gilmore Simms." Alabama Review 16 (July 1963): 185-99.

Hudson, Charles. "An Ethnohistorical View." An Early and Strong Sympathy: The Indian Writings of William Gilmore Simms, eds. John C. Guilds and Charles Hudson. Columbia: U South Carolina P, 2003: xxxiv-li.

Kibler, James E., Jr. Introduction. Poetry and the Practical. Ed. James E. Kibler Jr. Fayetteville: U of Arkansas P, 1996. xi-xlvii.

---. "Perceiver and Perceived: External Landscape as Mirror and Metaphor in Simms's Poetry." Long Years of Neglect: The Work and Reputation of William Gilmore Simms. Ed. John Caldwell Guilds. Fayetteville: U of Arkansas P, 1988. 106-125.

---. The Poetry of Willam Gilmore Simms: An Introduction and Bibliography. Columbia, S.C.: Southern Studies, 1979.

---. Selected Poems of William Gilmore Simms. 20th anniv. ed. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 2010.

---. "Simms as Naturalist: Lowcountry Landscape in His Revolutionary Novels." Mississippi Quarterly 31 (1978): 499-518.

Mayfield, John. "'The Soul of a Man!': William Gilmore Simms and the Myths of Southern Manhood." Journal of the Early Republic 15.3 (Autumn 1995): 477-500.

McDaniel, Linda E. "American Gods and Devils in Simms's Paddy McGann." In Guilds, Long Years 60-75.

McHaney, Thomas L. "Frontier Voices in Simms's Border Beagles." In William Gilmore Simms and the American Frontier. Ed. John Caldwell Guilds and Caroline Collins. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1997.

---. "William Gilmore Simms." The Chief Glory of Every People: Essays on Classic American Writers, ed. Matthew J. Bruccoli. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1973. 173-90.

Meats, Stephen B. "Artist or Historian: William Gilmore Simms and the Revolutionary South." Eighteenth-Century Florida and the Revolutionary South. Ed. Samuel B. Proctor. Gainsville: U of Florida P, 1978.

Meriwether, James B. "The Significance of Simms's First Long Poem." Simms Review 18 (2009): 13–22.

Meriwether, Nicholas G. "Simms's Civil War: History, Healing and the Sack and Destruction of Columbia, S. C." Studies in the Literary Imagination 42.1 (2009): 97-120.

---. "Simms's The Lily and the Totem: 'History for the Purposes of Art.'" In Guilds, Long Years, 76-105.

Miller, Lisa Kay. The Artist as Historian: The Southern Frontier and the Writing of History in the Fiction of William Gilmore Simms, William Faulkner, and Eudora Welty. Diss. University of Missouri, 1987. Ann Arbor: UMI.

Moltke-Hansen, David. "Between Plantation and Frontier: The South of William Gilmore Simms," in Guilds and Collins, 3-25.

---. "Ordered Progress: The Historical Philosophy of William Gilmore Simms," in Guilds, Long Years, 126-47.

---. "Southern Literary Horizons in Young America: Imaginative Development of a Regional Geography." Studies in the Literary Imagination 42.1 (2009): [1]-31.

---. "William Gilmore Simms: An Overview." Simms Initiatives. University of South Carolina. 15 June 2011. Web. 15 June 2011.

Nakamura, Masahiro. Visions of Order in William Gilmore Simms: Southern Conservatism and the Other American Romance. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2009.

Niemi, Carol Superfine Blair. Toward a Perfect Security: Images of Natural Process in The Revolutionary War Novels of William Gilmore Simms. Diss. University of Georgia, 1982. Ann Arbor: UMI.

Parks, Edd Winfield. William Gilmore Simms as Literary Critic. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1961.

Perkins, Laura Ganus. "An Unsung Literary Legacy: William Gilmore Simms's African American Characters." Studies in the Literary Imagination 42 (Spring 2009): 83-95.

Ridgely, J.V. William Gilmore Simms. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1962.

Ringe, Donald A. "The Influence of Sectionalism on the Revisions in Simms's Revolutionary Romances." Mississippi Quarterly 29 (1976): 526-38.

Rogers. Jeffrey J. "'Art Ready for Battle': William Gilmore Simms and the Civil War." Diss. University of South Carolina, 2004.

Romine, Scott. "The Capital Comedy of William Gilmore Simms's 'Sharp Snaffles.'" Southern Quarterly 41.2 (2003): 11-22.

Shared History. Dir. Felicia Furman. Felicia Furman Productions and South Carolina ETV in association with Independent Television Service, 2006. DVD.

Shillingsburg, Miriam J. "The Cub of the Panther: A New Frontier." In Guilds and Collins 221 36.

---."From Notes to Novel: William Gilmore Simms's Creative Method." Southern Literary Journal 5 (Fall 1972): 89-107.

---. "The Senior Simmses–Mississippi Unshrouded." University of Mississippi Studies in English. 2 (1992): 250–55.

---. "Simms's Failed Lecture Tour of 1856: The Mind of the North." In Guilds, Long Years, 183-201.

---. "Simms in the War-Time Richmond Weeklies." Southern Literary Journal. 37.1 (2004): 41-52.

Shillingsburg, Miriam Jones, ed. Special Issue on William Gilmore Simms in the Southern Quarterly 41.2 (winter 2003).

Shillingsburg, Peter LeRoy. The Use of Sources in Simm's Biography of Francis Marion. MA thesis, University of South Carolina. 1967.

Singleton, Robert R. "William Gilmore Simms, Woodlands, and the Freedmen's Bureau." Mississippi Quarterly 50.1 (1996): 19-37.

Thomas, J. Wesley. "The German Sources of William Gilmore Simms." In Anglo-German and American-German Crosscurrents, ed. Philip Allisin Shelley, 1: 139–140. Chapel Hill: Uof North Carolina P, 1957.

Trent, William Peterfield. William Gilmore Simms. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1892.

Wakelyn, Jon L. The Politics of a Literary Man: William Gilmore Simms. Westport: Greenwood P, 1973.

Watson, Charles S. From Nationalism to Secessionism: The Changing Fiction of William Gilmore Simms. Westport: Greenwood P, 1993.

---. "Simms and the American Revolution." Mississippi Quarterly 29 (1976): 498-500.

---. "Simms and the Beginnings of Local Color." Mississippi Quarterly 35 (winter 1981- 82): 25-39.

---. "Simms and the Civil War: The Revolutionary Analogy." Southern Literary Journal 24.2 (1992): 76-89.

Welsh, John R. "William Gilmore Simms, Critic of the South," The Journal of Southern History 26 (1960): 201-314.

West, James L. W. III. "William Gilmore Simms and the Postwar Literary Marketplace." Simms Review 18.1/2 (2010): 5-14.

Wimsatt, Mary Ann. The Major Fiction of William Gilmore Simms: Cultural Traditions and Literary Form. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1989.

---. "The Professional Author in the South: William Gilmore Simms and Antebellum Literary Publishing." In The Professions of Authorship: Essays in Honor of Matthew J. Bruccoli, ed. Richard Layman and Joel Myerson, 121-34. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1996.

---. "Realism and Romance in Simms's Midcentury Fiction." Southern Literary Journal 12.2 (1980): 29-48.

---. "William Gilmore Simms." The History of Southern Literature. Louis Rubin, et al., eds. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1985: 108-117.


Selected Contextual and Documentary Works top


Ambrose, Douglas. Henry Hughes and Proslavery Thought in the Old South. Baton rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1966.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London, UK: Verso, 1991.

Ayers, Edward L. Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th-Century American South. New York and Oxford: Oxford UP, 1984.

Bailyn, Bernard. To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders. New York: Knopf, 2003.

Bardon, Adrian. "The Philosophy of Humor." Comedy: A Geographic and Historical Guide, vol 2. Ed. Maurice Charney. Abingdon, UK: Greenwood P, 2005.

Bass, Robert D. Swamp Fox: The Life and Campaigns of General Francis Marion. London, UK: Alvin Redman, 1959.

Beidler, Philip. First Books: The Printed Word and Cultural Formation in Early Alabama. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1999.

Bennett, Bridget. Transatlantic Spiritualism and Nineteenth-Century American Literature. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Bernath, Michael T. Confederate Minds: The Struggle for Intellectual Independence in the Civil War South. Chapel Hill: U North Carolina P, 2010.

Blight, David. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2001.

Boles, John B., ed. A Companion to the American South. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Bonner, Robert E. Mastering America: Southern Slaveholders and the Crisis of American Nationhood. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.

Brodhead, Richard. Cultures of Letters: Scenes of Reading and Writing in Nineteenth Century America. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993.

---. "The American Literary Field," Cambridge History of American Literature, Vol. 3. Sacvan Bercovitch, ed. Boston: Cambridge UP, 2005.

Bruce, Dickson D., Jr. The Kentucky Tragedy: A Story of Conflict and Change in Antebellum America. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2006.

---. Violence and Culture in the Antebellum South. Austin: U of Texas P, 1979.

Brugger, Robert J. Beverley Tucker: Heart over Head in the Old South. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1977.

Butler, Leslie. "Reconstructions in Intellectual and Cultural Life," in Reconstructions: New Perspectives on the Postbellum United States, ed. Thomas J. Brown. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 2006.

Calhoun, Richard J. "Literary Magazines in the Old South," The History of Southern Literature. Louis Rubin, et al., eds. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1985: 157-163.

Carter, Dan T. "The Anatomy of Fear: The Christmas Day Insurrection Scare of 1865." Journal of Southern History 42.3 (1976): 345-364.

Cashin, Joan E. A Family Venture: Men and Women on the Southern Frontier. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1991.

Casper, Scott E., et al., eds. The Industrial Book, 1840-1880. Chapel Hill: U North Carolina P, 2007. V. 2 of A History of the Book in America.

Chielens, Edward E. American Literary Magazines: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New York: Greenwood P, 1986.

Censer, Jane Turner. The Reconstruction of White Southern Womanhood, 1865-1895. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2003.

Cohen, Margaret. "Literary Studies on the Terraqueous Globe." PMLA 125:3 (May 2010): 657-62.

Cohen, William. At Freedom's Edge: Black Mobility and the Southern White Quest for Racial Control, 1861-1915. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1991.

Connelly, Thomas L. and Barbara L. Bellows. God and General Longstreet: The Lost Cause and the Southern Mind. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1982.

Conyngham, D.P. "Sherman: The Holiday March Through the Carolinas." New York Herald. 20 March 1865.

Cordingly, David. "Introduction." A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pirates. By Charles Johnson (1724). Guilford, CN: Lyons P, 2010. vii-xiv.

Culpepper, Marilyn Mayer. All Things Altered: Women in the Wake of Civil War and Reconstruction. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2002.

Davis, James E. Frontier America, 1800-1840: A Comparative Demographic Analysis of the Settlement Process. Glendale: Arthur H. Clark, 1977.

Diffley, Kathleen. "Home from the Theatre of War: The Southern Magazine and Recollections of the Civil War." Periodical Literature in Nineteenth Century America, ed. Kenneth M. Price and Susan Belasco Smith. Charlottesville, Va.: UP of Virginia, 1995: 183-201.

Du Bois, W.E.B. Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860 1880. New York: Russell & Russell, 1935; reprint New York: Free Press, 1998.

---. The Souls of Black Folk. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1903.

Dye, Renee. "A Sociology of the Civil War: Simms's Paddy McGann." Southern Literary Journal 28.2 (1996): 3-23.

Edelson, S. Max. Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2006.

Edwards, Laura F. Gendered Strife & Confusion: The Political Culture of Reconstruction. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1997. Print. Women in American History

Ellinger, Esther Parker. The Southern War Poetry of the Civil War. 1918. New York: Burt Franklin, 1970.

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