Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Southward Ho! A Spell of Sunshine >> Chapter XVII / How the Bilious Orator Essayed >> Page 385

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Page 385

Novel (Romance) | Redfield | 1854
Transcription LEAGUE OF THE REDMEN. 385

of the Palatinate. They came out to America under the patron-
age of Queen Anne. They were led by the Baron De Graffen-
reidt, who was created a landgrave. He, with Louis Mitchell,
a leading man among the Swiss, received a grant of ten thousand
acres of land on either of the rivers Neuse and Cape Fear, or
their tributary branches, at the rate of ten pounds sterling for
every thousand acres, and a quitrent of five shillings. The
number of Germans is unknown ; but the Swiss were fifteen
hundred. They reached the confluence of the Neuse and Trent
in December, 1710, and laid off the limits of the colony in that
neighborhood.
" The conditions upon which these people came to America,
were specious and encouraging. Each of them received, in Eng-
land, an outfit in clothes and money, of from five to ten pounds
sterling ; and two hundred and fifty acres were allotted to each
family, which was to be five years exempt from rent or taxation.
At the end of that time, they were to pay at the rate of half per
cent, Carolina currency.� They were credited one year with
provisions, and seven years with the materiel for a certain farm-
ing establishment. This included cows and calves, sows and
pigs, lambs, &c. Tools and implements for clearing land and
building, were furnished without any charge by the proprietors.
To a poor people, driven from their native abodes, the pros-
pect was encouraging enough ; and the treatment which they
received seemed very liberal. Indeed, the colony very soon be-
gan to put on the most prosperous appearance was flourishing
in fact, growing daily in numbers and affluence. But the Indians,
as the phrase goes, began to look on the whites with jealousy.
Jealousy, it probably was not. In brief the savages coveted
treasures which they beheld for the first time, and which were
indifferently guarded.
In the fall of 1711, certain tribes agreed to combine their
forces for the purpose of massacre and plunder. The Tuscaro-
ras undertook to cut the throats of the settlers upon the Roanoke,
and between that river and Pamlico, otherwise Tar river. The
Cotheckneys and Corees arranged to do the same benevolent
office for the settlements on the Ncuse and Trent. The Mat-
tamaskettos and Matchapangos had the duty assigned them of
scalping the whites in the neighborhood of Bath.
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