Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Joscelyn: A Tale of the Revolution >> End Matter >> Notes

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Novel (Romance) | The Reprint Company | 1975, 1976
Transcription 308EXPLANATORY NOTES
5.16-18 "Hammonds, Cummings," etc.: In this list of ten names Simms seems to be mixing real and fictional persons; the actual names that could be identified are as follows : The Hammonds were apparently Captain Samuel Hammond, a noted soldier in the Revolution, and Colonel Le Roy Hammond, Samuel Hammond's uncle, who owned a home, Snow Hill, north of Augusta on the Carolina side of the Savannah River. Colonel Hammond also served with distinction in the Revolution. Samuel Hammond's appearance in Joscelyn is a mistake since he did not arrive in South Carolina until his family moved from Virginia in early 1779. The name Cunningham undoubtedly refers to Robert and Patrick, brothers who were prominent loyalists in the back country civil war which provides the historical framework for Joscelyn. Alexander may refer to William Alexander, a landowner near Augusta, who was Justice of the Peace in 1759; he does not appear in the novel. Hamilton is apparently Captain Hamilton, perhaps Robert, whose troopers tarred and feathered Thomas Browne; see note 8.28 and pp. 73-83 of the novel. Cooper may have been Richard Cooper, a landowner near Augusta, who signed a resolution supporting American independence in 1775; Cooper was a common name, however, and appears frequently in the standard lists of Georgia Revolutionary War soldiers. Thomas Browne (also spelled Brown) was perhaps the most notorious loyalist in the South during the Revolution; for a more complete discussion of Browne, see note 8.28. Colonel James Grierson was a staunch loyalist who occupied Augusta with Browne in 1780 after the fall of Charles-ton. He was murdered by whigs after Augusta was recaptured in 1781.

5.19 "ninety years ago": Joscelyn takes place in the summer and fall of 1775; this reference, then, is to the time of the writing of the novel in 1866.

6.1 "The city": On the page of notes from his Augusta visit, Simms noted that "Augusta ought to be estimated at 600 in the Revolution." A letter quoted in Berry Fleming, comp., Autobiography of a Colony (1957), p. 90, gives these figures for the year 1765: "138 men and 402 Women and Children, 501 Negro slaves and about 90 Checkesaw Indians."

7.9-10 "`when George the Third was king': Byron, Don Juan, Canto I, stanza 212.

7.27 "`Deckard' rifle": Jacob Dechard was the maker of this famous rifle.

8.24 "Cameron": Alexander Cameron, a Scotsman, was Deputy Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the Southern Department until the death of John Stuart in 1779 when he became Superintendent of the Western Division.