Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Joscelyn: A Tale of the Revolution >> End Matter >> Notes

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Novel (Romance) | The Reprint Company | 1975, 1976
Transcription EXPLANATORY NOTES311
23.19 "Fletchall's Regiment": Colonel Thomas Fletchall, a Scotsman, was the most influential loyalist in the Ninety Six District of South Carolina just prior to the Revolutionary War; in the summer of 1775 he could muster a militia force of 1500 men. When the fighting actually started in the fall of that year, Fletchall proved to be a somewhat timid and ineffectual leader. He signed a peace treaty in September, the terms of which were dictated totally by William Henry Drayton and were favorable only to the whig side´┐Ża virtual betrayal of his army. Later he deserted the army to hide from the pursuit of a strong whig force under Richard Richardson, but was captured early in December and sent to Charleston as a prisoner.

23.21-22 "Saluda, Broad, Tiger, Little Rivers; Dutch Fork": The first four are rivers in the northwest section of South Carolina. Dutch Fork is the name of the region between the Broad and Saluda rivers, and is so named because of the large number of Germans settling there before the Revolution.
23.24 "Kirkland, Pearis": Moses Kirkland, a Scotsman, was first a captain of cavalry-rangers on the whig side but switched to the loyalists in July 1775, after betraying the whig garrison at Ninety Six and its commander, Major James Mayson, into the hands of Major Joseph Robinson and his loyalist troop. The garrison contained a quantity of the King's arms which Kirkland had helped to capture from Fort Charlotte on the Savannah River in late June. In late August it was rumored that Kirkland had raised a body of troops and was threatening an attack on Augusta. On 30 August, after learning of Kirkland's plan, W. H. Drayton declared him an outlaw, called out whig troops to protect the back country, and offered a reward for Kirkland's capture. Kirkland fled to Charleston in disguise and then went on to Florida where he worked for John Stuart. He was later captured near Philadelphia while carrying dispatches to General Gage. Richard Pearis, also a Scotsman, was an Indian trader and agent before the war; he was involved in various land acquisitions of questionable legality in the Indian territory of South Carolina. In the 1775 conflict he switched from the whig to the loyalist side in October after the Council of Safety failed to appoint him as Indian Agent of South Carolina. While a member of Patrick Cunningham's small band of loyalists, he was captured by Richardson's forces early in December, and was sent to Charleston as a prisoner.
23.27 "Committees of Safety": The first Council of Safety in the South was created by the Provincial Congress of South Carolina in June 1775. Local committees were also established in the various parishes.