Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Joscelyn: A Tale of the Revolution >> End Matter >> Notes

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Notes

Novel (Romance) | The Reprint Company | 1975, 1976
Transcription EXPLANATORY NOTES313

become loyalists, while native born persons, Irish immigrants and
persons from the low country were usually whigs. After the Battle
of Culloden in 1746 the British Government, especially during the
administration of Lord Bute, seemed intent on compensating the
defeated Highland Scots supporters of Charles Stuart by offering
them attractive opportunities for position and land in the southern
colonies of America. Indeed, by the time of the conflict of 1775, a
substantial number of the prominent landholders in the back country
were Scotsmen, as were most of the Indian agents and other govern-
ment officials at all levels: the royal governors of East Florida, West
Florida and South Carolina were all Scotsmen. Professor George C.
Rogers, Jr., suggests in a recent article (Richmond County History,
6 [Summer 1974] , 33-51) that much of the factional animosity in
South Carolina at this time was perhaps caused by a strong anti-Scots
feeling among. the natives, and that Simms saw the back country
divisions in this light. Statements by Simms in several of his works
other than Joscelyn seem to support Professor Rogers' supposition. In a
five-part review of Ward's edition of Curwen's Journal and Letters
(1845) in the Southern Literary Messenger Simms states in a note that
"John Stuart, Thomas Brown, [Evan] McLaurin, Moses Kirkland, the
Cunninghams, Alexander Cameron, Andrew McLean, and others, were
all Scotchmen, and were the active men at this period, in behalf of the
British, among the people of the back country" (12 [June 1846] , 328).
Earlier in the same article he remarks "that three out of four Scotch-
men, scarcely enter the country, when they are raised to office�made
judges, magistrates, and surveyors, by Royal Patent" (12 [June 1846] ,
325). The result, wrote Simms, is that the Scots, who owed their
positions and lands to the generosity of the Crown, were not likely to
revolt against British rule, and also that the native population resented
an administration "which thus studiously subjected the native to denial
and inferiority . . ." (12 [June 1846] , 325). In an unpublished lecture,
"The Battle of Fort Moultrie" (1853), Simms says that "Loyalty, at
least since '45, is the Scotchman's instinct. The Highlanders, deported
to the South, because of their support of the Stuarts, became, in
America, the steady champions of the Guelph.... The question, with
the Highlanders, then, was no longer between rival sovereigns,�but
between King and No King,�and their loyalty did not require a
moment to decide" (17).

59.27 "Hamlet": Shakespeare, Hamlet, I, iv-v.

62.8-9 "original letters": There is some doubt whether such letters as
Drayton displays here actually existed. In May 17 7 5, certain suspicious
passages in the Stuart-Cameron correspondence were brought to the
attention of the patriot government in Charleston, but there is no indi-
cation that the letters in which these passages appeared were seized or
intercepted; the passages are printed in Drayton, I, 267-290. On 2 July
1775 a number of letters (printed in Drayton, I, 338-350) were seized