Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VI >> Page 52

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Page 52

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription 52THE HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
kinds of odoriferous flowers." They ranged the coast for
one hundred and twenty miles, in search of a convenient
harbor, entered the first haven which offered, and landing
on the island of Wokoken, the southernmost of the islands
forming the Ocracocke inlet, took solemn possession of
the country in the name of the Virgin Queen. The crews
were landed on the 4th day of July ; a day that has since
been made to distinguish a moral epoch in America. A
colony was established, and the new continent, for the first
time, received the English name of North and South Vir-
ginia. All lands lying towards the St. Lawrence, from
the northern boundary of the Virginia province, belonged
to the northern, and all thence to the southward, as far
as the gulf of Florida, to the southern district.
The colony of Raleigh failed after a painful but short
existence of a few years. The settlers disappeared, and
no traces of their flight was found, and no knowledge of
their fate has ever become known to the historians.
They probably sank under the united assaults of famine
and their Indian neighbors.
English discovery now became continuous along the
coasts of the continent. The shores, bays, headlands and
harbors of New England, were successively discovered,
and in 1607, under the genius of the celebrated John
Smith, the first permanent colony of England, in America,
was planted at James River.
In 1620 a settlement was effected in New England;
and ten years after, a grant was made to Sir Robert Heath,
attorney general of Charles I., of all that region which
stretches southward of the Virginia coast, from the 36th
degree of north latitude, comprehending the Louisiana