Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VI >> Page 53

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Page 53

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription THE HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.53
territory on the Mississippi, by the name of Carolana. It
is said that Sir Robert conveyed his right to the earl of
Arundel; that this earl planted several parts of the country,
and afterwards conveyed his title to Dr. Cox, who was at
great pains to establish his pretensions, explored a part
of the country, and subsequently memorialized the crown
on the subject of his claims. Heath's charter was,
however, declared void, because of the failure of the
grantees to comply with certain of its conditions ; and
for thirty years after, the territories of Carolina remained
unsettled.
At length, in 1663, Edward, earl of Clarendon, and
several associates, formed a project for planting a colony
there. They obtained from Charles II., a charter con-
veying all the lands lying between the 31st and 36th
degrees of north latitude. The charter states that the
applicants, excited by a laudable and pious zeal for the
propagation of the gospel, beg a certain country in the
parts of America not yet cultivated and planted, and only
inhabited by a barbarous people, having no knowledge of
God." This was the pious pretence of the time, which
seems, as a matter of course, to have furnished the burden
of every such prayer. It may be said in this place, that
the efforts were but few and feebly sustained, to promote
the professed objects of the memorial. The chartists, be-
side the earl of Clarendon, were George, duke of Albe-
marle ; William, lord Craven ; John, lord Berkley; Antony,
lord. Ashley ; Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley,
and Sir John Colleton. The grant which they obtained,
comprised a territory of which, subsequently, the several
states of South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia