Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VI >> Page 57

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Page 57

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
bestowed upon all who could not provide for themselves.
The neighboring Indians were conciliated by presents,
and pledges of friendship freely exchanged with their
cassiques and warriors. Here Sayle died in the midst of
his labors, having fallen a victim to the climate. This
event led to the extension of the command of Sir John
Yeamans, who had hitherto ruled the plantation about
Cape Fear, over that of Sayle ; and, gathering the plant-
ers together, from Clarendon on the north, from Port
Royal on the south," he resorted, for the convenience
of pasturage and tillage," to the banks of Ashley river.
This removal took place in 1671, and in the same year,
" on the first highland," was laid the foundations of that
settlement which we now distinguish as old Charlestown.
For some years this became and continued the capital of
the southern settlements ; but as the commerce of the
colony increased, the disadvantages of the position were
discovered. It could not be approached toy large vessels
at low water. In 1680, by a formal command of the
proprietors, a second removal took place ; and the seat of
government was transferred to a neck of land called Oys-
ter Point, admirably conceived for the purposes of com-
merce, at the confluence of two spacious and deep rivers,
which, in compliment to lord Shaftesbury, had already
been called after him, Ashley and Cooper. Here the
foundation was laid of the present city of Charleston. In
that year thirty houses were built, though ,this number
could have met the wants of but a small portion of the
colony. The heads of families at the Port Royal settle-
ment alone, whose names are preserved to us, are forty-
eight in number ; those brought from Clarendon by Yea-