Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VI >> Page 58

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Page 58

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
mans, could not have been less numerous ; and the addi-
tions which they must have had from the mother country,
during the nine years of their stay at the Ashley river
settlement, were likely to have been very considerable.
Roundheads and cavaliers alike sought refuge in Car-
olina, which, for a long time, remained a pet province
of the proprietors. Liberty of conscience, which the
charter professed to guaranty, encouraged emigration.
The hopes of avarice, the rigor of creditors, the fear of
punishment and persecution, were equal incentives to the
settlement of this favored but foreign region. Groups of
settlers, following favorite leaders the victims of some
great calamity, or the enthusiastic, under some general im-
pulse were no less frequent than individual emigrants.
In 1674, when Nova Belgia, now New York, was con-
quered by the English, a number of the Duteh from that
place, sought refuge in Carolina. The proprietors facili-
tated their desire, and provided the ships which conveyed
them to Charlestown. They were assigned lands on the
southwest side of Ashley river, drew lots for their prop-
perty, and founded a town which they called Jamestown,
but which they afterwards deserted, and spread them-
selves throughout the country, where they were joined
by greater numbers from ancient Belgia.
Two vessels filled with foreign, perhaps French, Pro-
testants, were transported to Carolina, at the expense of
Charles II., in 1679 ; and the revocation of the edict of
Nantz, a few years afterwards, by which the Huguenots
were deprived of the only securities of life, liberty, and
fortune, which their previous struggles had left them,
contributed still more largely to the infant settlement, and