Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VI >> Page 59

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Page 59

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription THE HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.59
provided Carolina with some of the noblest portions of
her growing population. The territory which had been
soaked with the blood of their countrymen, under Ribault
and Laudonniere, was endeared to them, probably, on that
very account ; and they naturally turned their prows to a
region which so great a sacrifice had so eminently hal-
lowed to the purposes of their liberty and worship.
In 1696, a colony of congregationalists, from Dorches-
ter in Massachusetts, ascended the Ashley river nearly
to its head, and there founded a town, to which they
gave the name of that which they had left. Dorchester
became a town of some importance, having a moderately
large population, and considerable trade. It is now
deserted ; the habitations and inhabitants have alike van-
ished ; but the reverend spire, rising through the forest
trees which surround it, still attest the place of their worm
ship, and where so many of them yet repose.
Various other countries and causes contributed to the
growth and population of the new settlement. After the
restoration, the profligacy of English morals led to con-
stant commotions between the two still great parties of cav-
aliers and puritans. The former sought to revenge them-
selves for the hardships which they had suffered during
the protectorate. Having obtained the ascendency, they
retaliated by every means which the partiality of the
law, or the evil temper of the court towards the puritans,
would allow. The latter were uniformly encountered
with contempt, and commonly with injustice, and ardently
wished for some distant retreat to which they might fly
and be secure.