Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VII >> Page 63

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History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription THE HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.63
their appearance among them, to diminish their strength,
enfeeble their spirits, and lessen their numbers. To
enhance the evils of such a condition, they were sur-
rounded by Indian enemies, who were eminently irritable
and warlike, and daily became more jealous of the en-
croachments of their white neighbors.
Carolina is said to have been occupied, at its first set-
tlement, by no less than twenty-eight Indian nations.
Their settlements extended from the ocean to the moun-
tains. The Westos, Stonos, Coosaws, and Sewees,
occupied the country between Charleston and the Edisto
river. They were conquered by the Savannahs and
expelled from the country. The Yemassees and Hus-
pahs held the territory in the neighborhood of Port
Royal. The Savannahs, Serannahs, Cussobos, and Eu-
chees, occupied the middle country, along the Isundiga,
or Savannah river. The Apalachians inhabited the head
waters of the Savannah and Altamaha, and gave their
name to the mountains of Apalachy, and the bay of Apa-
lachicola. The Muscoghees, or Creeks, occupied the
south side of Savannah and Broad rivers�the latter
being, at that time, called the Cherokee�and by this
river they were divided from the Cherokees, a formidable
nation, which dwelt upon the territory now included in
the districts of Pickens, Anderson, and Greenville The
Congarees, Santees, Waterees, Saludahs, Catawbas, Pe-
dees, and Winyaws, lived along the rivers which bear their
names. The Chickasaws and Choctaws dwelt, or roved,
westward from the borders of Carolina, to the banks of
the Mississippi. To speak .in more correct language,
the greater numbers of these people constituted tribes,