Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VII >> Page 68

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Page 68

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
About the year 1674, Sir John Yeamans left the colony
and went to Barbadoes, where he died. By one historian,
his labors for the success of the settlement are spoken of
as indefatigable. By another, he is described as insolent,
unjust, and tyrannical. He was succeeded by Joseph
West, as governor, and under his rule the freemen of
the colony were called together at Charlestown for the
purpose of making laws for their government. The up-
per and lower house of assembly was formed, and with
the governor as its head, took the name of parliament,
agreeable to the fundamental constitutions. This was
the first parliament in the colony that passed acts of
which the proprietors approved, and which are on record
in the colony. It might have been expected that this
parliament, composed of men embarked in the same
vessel, and having a common interest, would be partic-
ularly zealous to maintain harmony and a friendly
understanding among themselves. They had the same
interests to promote and the same enemies to fear. Un-
happily such was not the case. The most numerous
party in the country, were dissenters of various denom-
inations from the established church of England. Affect-
ing always a superior sanctity, these people have been
seldom found the most docile and subordinate members
of the community. A large share of self-esteem distin-
guished their intellectual organization, and occasioned
constant discontents with the existing authorities, and a
restless impatience of control. The cavaliers, who had
also received grants in Carolina, were regarded by the
proprietors, who were chiefly noblemen, with a more
favoring eye. Though lively, impetuous, and given to