Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VIII >> Page 72

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History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription CHAPTER VIII.
A parliament was held in Charlestown at the close of
1682, when laws were enacted for establishing a militia
system; for making high roads through the forest; for
repressing drunkenness and profanity ; and for otherwise
promoting a proper morality among the people. In the
year following; governor West was removed from office,
and Joseph Moreton, who had just before been created a
landgrave of Carolina, succeeded to his place. West
had displeased the proprietaries, by introducing the traf-
fic in Indians �a traffic which, because of its profitable
results, seemed likely to be perpetuated among the plan-
ters ,�and by curbing the excesses of the cavaliers, who
formed the proprietary party, in opposition to the less
loyal, or more turbulent members of the puritan faction.
With his removal commenced a course of rapid changes
in the government of the colony. Two parties arose,
the general direction of whose principles undoubtedly
came from the social and religious bias which they had
each received from their conflicting relations in England.
One of these endeavoured to maintain the prerogative
and authority of the proprietaries ; the other contended
for the rights and liberties of the people. The cavaliers,
or court party, insisted upon implicit obedience to the
laws received from England ; the puritans contended,
and with perfect justice, for the right to adapt their laws
to the existing circumstances of their condition. In this