Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VIII >> Page 77

image of pageExplore Inside

Page 77

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
discontent in the colony soon assumed a mutinous aspect,
and the first leading measure of the new governor, re-
sulted in the utter forfeiture of his power. He endeav-
ored to make the people pay up their quit-rents, which
had been suffered to accumulate, without liquidation, for
several years. The amount was trifling ; but other feel-
ings than those of interest, mingled in with the consider-
ation of the subject. It was the display of authority, at
a time when that authority was already under censure
for trespasses upon the public liberties ; and, taught in
the severe school of self-succour and self-providence,
from the beginning, the great body of the Carolinians
were disposed to resistance. This spirit became more
turbulent with every show of rigor on the part of the in-
discreet landgrave ; riots and commotions succeeded ;
the parliament was assembled, and in 1690, the contest
brought to an issue, which resulted in the partial triumph
of the people, the formal deposition of the governor,
and his solemn banishment beyond the limits of the
The government was then usurped by one Seth Sothel,
a factious person, who had been driven from the Albe-
marle settlement. Availing himself of the general hos-
tility to Colleton, he found but little difficulty in securing
the favor of the Carolinians in the first moments of their
anger. He claimed the government in the double right
of a proprietor himself, and a champion of the popular
liberties. But his pretences were soon set aside, and
the excessive tyranny of his mis-rule effectually rebuked
and punished the folly of those who so readily yielded
to his arguments. He is said to have trampled under