Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter VIII >> Page 81

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Page 81

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Farther conflicts followed between the people and their
rulers, in which Ludwell seemed to yield to the wishes
of the former. This awakened the anxieties of the pro-
prietaries, who at length deprived him of his office, and
conferred it, with the dignity of landgrave, upon Thomas
The administration of Smith, if more peaceable, was
not more successful than that of his predecessor. A
popular man�wealthy�himself a planter, and long a res-
ident among the people, he commenced his government
with the most favorable auspices ; but the province still
remained in a confused and turbulent condition. Discon-
tent prevailed in the land ; and, in utter despair at last,
he wrote to the proprietors, praying to be released from
a charge which brought him nothing but annoyance, and
in which he could hope to do no good. He declared in
his letter, that he despaired ever to unite the people in
affection and interest ; and that, weary of the perpetual
warfare among them, he, and many others, were resolved
upon leaving the province, unless they sent out one of
their own number, with full power to redress grievances,
and amend the laws. Nothing else, it was his convic-
tion, would bring the settlers to a condition of tranquility.
The proprietors adopted the suggestion of Smith, and
he was succeeded by John Archdale, a Quaker, and one
of their number. The fundamental constitutions were
surrendered to the dislike of the people, and were for-
mally abolished after an experiment of twenty-three
years had shown them to be utterly impracticable in the
condition of the colony. The government of the people
was now severed from the powers conferred by the char-