Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter X >> Page 95

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Page 95

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
farther excesses were committed, but the results were
less fatal than was to have been feared from such a con-
flict. Broughton was persuaded to withdraw his party,
and it was agreed between himself and Gibbs that their
several claims should be left to the proprietors for arbitra-
ment. Their determination was in favor of neither. The
office of governor was conferred upon Charles Craven,
a brother of the lord palatine, who was immediately pro-
claimed in form, and took upon him the administration.
Craven was a man of great knowledge, courage and
integrity ; and mutual esteem in council, and harmony in
the colony, followed his appointment. He improved the
defences of the colony, cultivated the friendship of the
neighboring Indians and Spaniards, and took especial
heed to the equitable and prompt administration of justice.
Under his direction, the harbor of Port Royal was sounded
and examined, and the spot selected for the future erec-
tion of the town of Beaufort´┐Żso called in honor of Henry
duke of Beaufort, afterwards lord palatine of the colony.
In the year 1712, the Indians of the northern province,
the Corees, Tuscaroras and other tribes, rose in arms and
united to destroy the colonists. They murdered John
Lawson, surveyor general of the colony, and large num-
bers of other settlers. Aid was implored from South Caro-
lina, and Craven despatched six hundred men, under the
command of colonel Barnwell, to their relief. Hideous
and wild indeed, was the wilderness, at this time, through
which Barnwell was compelled to march. Unbroken
forests, unopened swamps, deep waters, and tangled
thickets, lay in his path. Without roads, he could employ
neither carriages nor horses, and yet the utmost despatch