Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter X >> Page 101

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History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
by the proprietors, the oppressive circumstances against
which they had so long struggled. The conflict between
the lords and the actual possessors of the soil, grew daily
more serious ; and, availing themselves of the presence
of the provincial assembly, then in session in Charles-
town, the leaders of the people prepared in secret the
scheme of a revolution, which proved perfectly success-
ful. To these proceedings, governor Johnson, who was a
faithful adherent of the proprietors, was an entire stranger
until he received a letter, dated November 28th, 1719, and
signed by Alexander Skene, George Logan, and William
Blakeway, in which they informed him of the general
association to throw off the proprietary rule. Against
these attempts Johnson struggled earnestly but vainly.
A proclamation for dissolving an assembly which he found
himself unabled to manage, was torn from the hands of
the marshal, he himself was deposed, and colonel James
Moore, already known for his military achievements, was
made governor in his stead.
A day which had been appointed by Johnson for review-
ing the militia, was that chosen by the convention which
elected Moore, for the purpose of publicly proclaiming
him. The governor having intelligence of this design,
ordered colonel Parris, the commander of the militia, to
postpone the review. Parris, however, was one of the
popular party, and Johnson was surprised, on the day ap-
pointed, to find the militia drawn up in the market place,
drums beating, and colors flying on forts and shipping.
Exasperated beyond prudence at this defiance of his au-
thority, he advanced upon Parris as if to assault him ; but
the colonel ordered his men to present and fire if he ad-