Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XI >> Page 112

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Page 112

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
about one hundred and seventy miles below, another
fort was raised, called Fort Moore, in a beautiful and
commanding situation. Another, called Loudon, was
built on the Tennessee, upwards of five hundred miles
from Charlestown. These strong holds were garrisoned
by troops from Britain ; and the establishment of these
defences in the interior, led to the rapid accumulation of
settlers in all the choice places in their neighborhood.
In the year 1757, and while William Lyttleton, after-
wards lord Westcott, was governor of Carolina, a large
party of Cherokee Indians who had been serving in
the armies of Great Britain against the French in the
west, and had assisted in the conquest of the famous Fort
Duquesne, returning from the wars to their homes, took
possession of a number of horses belonging to the whites,
as they passed through the back parts of Virginia. The
Virginians rashly resented the robbery by violence.
They killed a number of the warriors, and took several
prisoners. This aggression kindled the flames of war
among the injured people, who commenced the work of
reprisal by scalping the whites wherever they were
found. Parties of the young warriors rushed down upon
the frontier settlements, and the work of massacre be-
came general along the borders of Carolina. The
Carolinians gathered in arms, and when the chiefs of the
Cherokees became aware of the fact, they sent a deputa-
tion to Charlestown to disarm the anger of the people by
a timely reconciliation. Unhappily, governor Lyttleton
treated these messengers with indignity, and finally made
them prisoners. Having resolved upon a military expe-
dition, he refused to listen to their orator, but proceeded,