Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XXI >> Page 226

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History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription 226THE HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
still remained, and was improved and garrisoned by the
British soon after they had obtained possession of Charles-
town. It made a chief point in their chain of military
posts, and was trebly important as it maintained an open
communication with the Indians, kept in check the whig
settlements on the west, and covered those of the loyalists
on the north, south and east of it. It was the most advan-
ced post of the royal army, was a depot of recruits, and
contributed to the support of Camden and Augusta, in the
overawing influence which they maintained upon the pop-
ulation of the two states of South Carolina and Georgia.
At the time that Greene commenced his siege, the post
was under the command of colonel Cruger, with a garri-
son of near six hundred men, all native Americans. Cru-
ger himself was an American loyalist of New York, which
state, with that of New Jersey, furnished the great body
of his army. These had enlisted at an early period of
the war, and were considered among the best soldiers of
the royal army. The remaining portion of his force were
riflemen recruited in the neighborhood men, desperate
from their social position, and marksmen of the first order.
This latter body were conspicuous in the successful de-
fence of the place.
Cruger, on the approach of Greene, lost no time in pre-
paring for his defence. He soon completed a ditch
around his stockade, threw the earth upon it, parapet
height, and secured it within by traverses and coverts, to
facilitate a safe communication between all his points of
defence. His ditch he farther secured by abbatis, and at
convenient distances within the stockade erected strong
block-houses of notched logs. Within this post he was