Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XXIV >> Page 257

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Page 257

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Falling back upon his re-inforcements and convoys, he
took a post forty miles from his late position, at the
Eutaw springs. HU was followed by colonel Lee, who
was pushed forward to watch his movements, while
general Pickens, with the state militia, advanced with a
similar object, in the neighborhood of the enemy's post
at Orangeburg. The main army of the Americans, mean-
while, crossed the Congaree, moving slowly down the
south bank, toward the post at Motte's, where Greene,
having resolved upon a discontinuance of the pursuit,
determined to await the progress of events.
This resolution, as it seemed to indicate a want of
confidence in the American commander, encouraged the
British. Halting upon his ground at Eutaw, he prepared to
meet and fight his enemy. Withdrawing the garrison from
Orangeburg, (which he established at Fairlawn,) he called
in to his aid that which had been maintained at the latter
post as a foil to Marion. This movement he was enabled
to make in consequence of the disappearance of the
" swamp fox," who, in one of his secret expeditions, had
rapidly crossed the country to Pon Pon, where colonel
Harden was closely pressed by a British force of five
hundred men. To pass through both lines of the British
communication with Charlestown ; to surprise, defeat and
disperse this force, numerically superior to his own ; to
return by the same route, pass the Santee, put his
prisoners in safety ; then advance upon the Eutaw, in
order to a closer co-operation-with the army under
Greene ;�was but the work of a few days and of ordinary
labor with this able warrior. The junction of Marion
with Greene, preceded by a brief interval of time the
advance of the American commander upon the foe.