Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XXIV >> Page 259

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Page 259

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
who all fell into the hands of the Americans. In the
mean time, Stewart pushed forward a detachment of in-
fantry to keep the Americans employed, while he pre-
pared for battle. But Greene, persuaded by the audacity
of Coffin that the whole British force was at hand,
proceeded to form where the encounter took place. The
column of militia, when displayed, formed the first line ;
the South Carolinians in equal divisions on the right and
left, and the North Carolinians in the centre. Marion
commanded the right, Pickens the left, and colonel
Malmedy the centre. Henderson, with the state troops,
including Sumter's brigade, covered the left of this line,
and Lee, with his legion, the right. The column of reg-
ulars, also, displayed in one line. The North Carolinians,
under general Sumner, occupied the right ; the Mary-
landers, under colonel Williams, the left ; the Virginians
the centre, under colonel Campbell.The artillery,
consisting of four pieces, was equally distributed with
the two lines. Washington's cavalry, under cover of the
woods, formed the reserve. In this order the Americans
advanced to the battle. When the first line reached the
advanced parties of the British, it was ordered to move on
in order, driving them before it. In this manner, firing as
it advanced, it went resolutely forward, while the enemy
sunk back and found shelter in their own line.
About two hundred rods west of the Eutaw springs,
the British army was drawn up in a single line, extending
from the Eutaw creek beyond the main Congaree road.
The creek covered their right ; the left was supported by
Coffin's cavalry, and a detachment of infantry, held in
reserve under cover of the wood. The ground on which