Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XXV >> Page 273

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Page 273

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
between the Santee and Charlestown. Sumter, with his
brigade of state troops, and some companies from his
militia brigade, was ordered to take post at Orangeburg
and defend the country against the loyalists from the city ;
while Pickens, with two regiments, maintained the fron-
tier from the Indians, and covered it against the predatory
warfare which still raged in that quarter.
The commands of Sumter and Marion crossed the
rivers in the beginning of November, and advanced upon
the enemy. The former soon fell in with a strong party
of the loyalists under general Cunningham, who had
advanced upon Orangeburg, and one of his officers, a
major Morris, suffered himself to fall into an ambuscade,
in which he sustained some loss. The forces of Sumter
and Cunningham being nearly equal, operated as mutual
checks upon each other. Cunnningham, who had issued
from Charlestown on a pillaging expedition in the upper
country, was checked in his progress ; while Sumter, to
continue this restraint upon his enemy, and maintain
himself in safety, fell back for the present, and secured
himself by a careful selection of position. The progress
of Marion was also arrested, in consequence of his
encountering at Wantoot, the whole army of Stewart,
who was at this time busy in ravaging the country, laying
in provisions for sustaining a siege on Charleston, and
accumulating that plunder with which their fleet of three
hundred sail was laden when they subsequently took
flight from the waters of Cooper river.
About this time, the news was received by both armies,
of the fall of Cornwallis in Virginia. To the British in
Carolina, it was omnious of that fate which the unrelaxing