Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Chapter XXVI >> Page 288

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Page 288

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
ities of the property of the patriots. But the most
efficacious reason for the adoption of this measure, was
the necessity of the case. The state was wholly des-
titute of funds ; no immediate resources could be had
either by loan or taxation, and the estates of the loyalists
presented the only means for establishing a fund upon
which to build a temporary credit. The indulgence of
the state authorities, subsequently released the rigor of
this act in the case of many of the individuals upon
whom it bore, whose names were stricken from the
records which chronicled their shame and forfeiture.
The legislature, among other acts, originated a bill for
vesting in general Greene, in consideration of his services,
the sum of ten thousand guineas´┐Ża gift which furnished
an example to the states of Georgia and North Carolina,
which they promptly followed. The former voted him
five thousand guineas, and the latter twenty-four thousand
acres of land.
Governor Rutledge was succeeded in the executive
chair of South Carolina by John Matthews. The office
was tendered first to Christopher Gadsden, who declined
it because of his infirmities and age. The military ope-
rations of the opposing forces seemed almost entirely
suspended during the session of the legislature. The
British were paralyzed, and never ventured from the
cover of their strong hold, and the Americans were too
feeble to attempt them there. The fall of Cornwallis,
however, brought to Greene a small portion of the army
which had been employed against him, under the com-
mand of the famous general Wayne, and he was enabled
to assume a more active character in his operations.