Wlliam Gilmore Simms
The History of South Carolina, From Its First European Discovery to Its Erection into a Republic >> Appendix >> Page 323

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Page 323

History | S. Babcock & Co. | 1840
Transcription APPENDIX.323
ney and Washington districts. The parishes and counties are St. Helena, St. Luke, Prince William, St. Peter, St. Philip, St. Michael, St, Bartholomew, St. John, Colleton, St. Andrew, St. Paul's, All-Saints, Prince George, Frederick, Lewisburg or St. Mat-thews, Orange, Lexington, Winton, Clarendon, Clermont, Salem, Richland, Fairfield, Chesterfield, Darlington, York, Chester, Union, Spartanburg, Pendleton, Greenville, Abbeville, Edgefield, Newberry and Laurens. Three years after, another arrangement took place, by which the grand divisions of the state were made to embrace twenty-eight districts, which are as follows :´┐ŻLower Districts : Beaufort, Charleston, Colleton, Georgetown, Williams-burg, Marion and Horry. Middle Districts : Barnwell, Edgefield, Orangeburg, Newberry, Lexington, Richland, Fairfield, Sumter, Kershaw, Darlington, Chesterfield and Marlborough. Upper Districts : Abbeville, Laurens, Union, Chester, Lancaster, York, Spartanburg, Greenville and Pendleton. The last district has recently been divided into two separate judicial districts, one of which is called Pickens, and the other Anderson.
1800-2. John Drayton governor. County courts abolished, and district courts substituted in every district. Santee canal finished and goes into operation in 1801. South Carolina college established by the legislature in December, 1801. United States census makes the population of South Carolina to consist of 196,255 whites; 146,151 slaves, and 3,185 free blacks and colored. Total 345,591.
1802-4. James B, Richardson governor. Vaccination first introduced, by Dr. Ramsay, into South Carolina.
1804-6. Paul Hamilton governor. Charleston is visited, September 8th, 1804, by a dreadful hurricane, which destroys a large amount of property. Debts due the state amount to $734,755.
1806-8. Charles Pinckney governor. Right of suffrage made free to all white citizens, without requiring a property qualification.
1808-10. John Drayton governor.
1810-12. Population of South Carolina, by the United States census of 1810, consists of 214,196 whites, 196,365 slaves ; and 4,554 free blacks and colored, making a total of 413,515. General free school system for poor children established in 1811.