Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Report at a Meeting of the State Rights and Free Trade Party of Barnwell District, South Carolina, Held at Barnwell Court-House, on Monday, July 7th, 1834 >> Page 12

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Journalism | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 12
gated a separate Social Compact, and gave rise to a se-
parate Government. It is true, each Social Compact
considered itself a part of the Social Compact, and
each Government depended on the Government of
England. This anomalous condition is what is termed,
among nations, the Colonial state. And it is only ne-
cessary to regard it in this point of view, to perceive
how intolerable it must be to the free spirit, and how
impossible it was, and 2s, to maintain it among the
Sons of Liberty on this side of the Atlantic. The Re-
volution severed this connection, and each Colony was
declared a Sovereign and Independent State. They
afterwards formed the present Union, and created a
new Government by the Constitution of the United
States. Did they dissolve their separate Social Com-
pacts, and consolidate them into one, and revive their
colonial condition with a change of masters only, by
this act ? There is no evidence of the fact in the Con-
stitution, nor in the history of the times. There has
always been a party in this country, led more by their
instinct for power than any force of reason, who have
attempted to confuse the relation of the State and
Federal Governments, and, practically, to consolidate
all power in a Federal Head ; but this clear elementary
fact of the amalgamation of the compact, without
which all their attempts at reasoning must fall, has not,
that we know of, ever been contended for: No such
event took place. A new Government was created
not a State ´┐Ża new body politic not social. A new
authority was called into existence, empowered to re-
quire the " obedience " of the citizen, but not to claim
his " allegiance ; " in short v new agency, not a sover-
eignty, arose. The differem. Social Compacts parted