Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Report at a Meeting of the State Rights and Free Trade Party of Barnwell District, South Carolina, Held at Barnwell Court-House, on Monday, July 7th, 1834 >> Page 13

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Journalism | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 13
with no portion of their transcendent dominion, but
only made a new division of their delegated power be-
tween the State and the new Government, retaining,
unimpaired, their sovereign right to limit and control
the action of both within their geographical bounda-
ries. The farthest they did go, was to agree not to
alter the Constitution of the Federal Government,
without the consent of three fourths of the compacts.
But in this they yielded up no real power, since any
one of them can secede and throw off its obligations
to the whole, whenever it sees fit ; and, consequently,
is not necessarily bound to submit finally to the alter-
ations which may be made, against its wishes, even by
three fourths. Thus it appears to this Committee, that
the Social Compacts of each of the States remain per-
fect and unimpaired by their connection with the other
States, and as the highest known human authority
within their respective limits, is entitled to claim the
allegiance of every individual, so long as he remains a
citizen thereof ; and to withhold not only power, but
protection from every one who refuses to acknowledge
it. In support of this view, and the whole argument,
we might cite the express reservation in the Constitu-
tion of the United States, and the Oaths of exclusive
Allegiance required by a large number of the States.
We might also add to this mere sketch of the argu-
ment, in favor of State Sovereignty, many other views
and illustrations to meet those of the Court, and
strengthen our position ; but the Committee forbear
to urge them on the patience of this meeting, believing
they have said enough to place their opinions upon in-
contestible grounds. They might also go on to show,
that from the principles here laid down, results inevi-