Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Justice of Receiving Petitions for the Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia >> Page 25

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 25
I hold also in my hand, that most powerful engine
in party warfare, an " Anti-Slavery Almanac for 1836."
From this allow me to read two short extracts. The
following will show the political tendency of this abo-
lition agitation " We are rewarding slaveholders for
their usurpation and injustice, by allow ing them to
send 25 Representatives to Congress to represent their
slave property." It has been said that " the, petition-
ers have no further object than merely to wipe from
the national escutcheon the stain affixed to it by per-
mitting slavery to exist at the seat of government of
the United States." In answer to that allow me to
quote the following passage ; and there is scarcely a
publication that I have exhibited here to day in which
the same sentiment is not expressed : " Should you
a1olish slavery in the District of Columbia alone, it
would heave the foundation of the system in every
State of the Union." Nor is this work without its
pictures, libelling the slaveholders with its vile carica-
tures. To illustrate more ,fully the political tendency
of the extraordinary excitement on this subject, al-
though I do not intend on this occasion to discuss that
branch of the question, I will refer the House to an
extract from the " Anti-Slavery Circular," printed at
Medina, Ohio, December, 1835, which I hold in my
hand, and which I again ask the favor of the House to
permit the Clerk to read.
"There are now about half a million that still have the liberty of holding slaves ; their slaves now amount to upwards of two millions, and their landed estates arc of vast` extent; they have entire control over eleven States�the poorer classes of the white people are well trained to subjection, and occupy a grade a little above that of the slaves. Few nobles in Europe can command so great a retinue of servants�and no king on earth possesses more absolute authority. Indeed, such is their