Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Message to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, Nov. 26, 1844 >> Page 89

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Page 89

Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 89
peace may not be allowed to delude us into false
security, still it is certain that, under God, the world
is now mainly governed by the force of intellect ; and
it is the duty of a wise Government to bestow its
highest care upon the mental culture of its people. We
have expended millions for internal improvements,
which have never yielded a dollar of clear revenue to
the Treasury, nor perhaps brought a valuable emigrant
or preserved a useful citizen to us. The interest of a
single half million appropriated to the establishment
and support of central academies, will give an impulse
to education which in a short time would be felt in
every artery of our political, mercantile, and agricul-
tural systems. You have liberally and wisely pro-
vided for the education of the more wealthy by es-
tablishing a College, which has done, and continues to
do, more for the State than every other corporation
put together, within her limits ; and you bestow an-
nually a large sum for the mental improvement of the
poor, which I wish I could say produced correspond-
ing benefits. But for that large and substantial body,
constituting here, as it does in all countries, the broad
and solid foundation on which rests the frame-work
of the political system that middle class, who may
not take advantage of your free schools, and cannot
conveniently take advantage of your College you
have done nothing. These central academies would
meet their wishes, or at least their wants. The neces-
sity of turning your most serious attention to education
is pressing ; and it is incalculably important. We are
engaged in the experiment of Governments, simple and
federative, upon principles as new as they are grand ;
and propose to solve the great political and moral