Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Message to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, Nov. 26, 1844 >> Page 94

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Page 94

Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 94
I know of no measure better calculated to im-
prove our agriculture than one which has been here-
tofore suggested to the Legislature—the exemption of
land from executions for debt, other than that con-
tracted for its purchase. If a law was passed to that
effect, to go into operation at a given time hereafter,
I can perceive but little injury or inconvenience that
would be likely to result from it, while the advantages
to be derived are numerous and important. It would
enhance the value of land, induce investments in it, and
insure substantial and extensive improvements of every
kind. It would probably check emigration, diminish
speculation, and in many ways conduce to the stability
and permanence of all our institutions. The subject is
at least worthy of your attention.
I cannot omit to invite you to an earnest considera-
tion of federal affairs, and the peculiar relations of this
State to the Federal Government, which have become
highly interesting and important. The proceedings of
the last session of Congress form an epoch in our his-
tory. With the events which preceded, and the cir-
cumstances under which the Act of Congress, called
the Compromise Act, was passed, you are familiar.
That Act was in fact a treaty, made between belligerent
parties with, arms in their hands solemnly ratified
by the Federal Government on the one part, and a
Convention of the State of South Carolina on the
other, and deposited among the archives of our country.
No treaty was ever made more important in its char-
acter, or more sacredly binding in its obligations. By
that treaty South Carolina bound herself to submit
for nine years longer to an unconstitutional and most
oppressive Tariff, in consideration that its exactions