Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Message to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of South Carolina, Nov. 26, 1844 >> Page 96

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Page 96

Documents | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 96
that this party had carried the elections to the House
of Representatives by a large majority and justly
regarding it as pledged to free trade, and bound to
repeal this exorbitant Tariff, she paused, and deter-
mined to await the action of another Congress ; thus
furnishing a fresh example of her patriotic forbearance,
and sincere devotion to the peace and integrity of the
Union. The new Congress met, and has terminated
its first session. Propositions were made in both
branches to modify the Tariff, and signally defeated.
In the House, where the Democratic majority was
large, the proposition was disposed of almost without
debate, and a majority of the Democrats from the
States north of the Potomac actually voted against it ;
while in the Senate, some of the leaders of that party
from the same section did so likewise. There seems,
therefore, to be no reasonable, or even plausible ground,
on which to rest a hope that this law, so unconstitu-
tional, and so ruinous to us, will ever be repealed, or
reduced to the standard of the Compromise. The
friends of the Tariff do not appear to entertain the
slightest idea of such a thing. They have distinctly
proclaimed it to be the settled policy of the Federal
Government; and, in fact, they scarcely conceal that
they regard our further remonstrances on the subject as
intrusive and impertinent. Nor could we, after the utter
contempt which they have manifested for their plighted
faith, repose with safety upon any concessions which
they might, by circumstances, be forced again to make.
With what confidence we may rely, on the other
hand, upon the Northern section of the Democratic
party to carry out the free trade principles which
they profess, we are well admonished by the history,