Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Two Letters on the Subject of Slavery in the United States, Addressed to Thomas Clarkson, Esq. >> Page 117

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Page 117

Correspondence | John F. Trow & Co.; The Reprint Company | 1866, 1978
Transcription 117
per cent. Notwithstanding your Act of Parliament,
the previous abolition by the United States, and that
all the powers in the world have subsequently pro-
hibited this trade some of the greatest of them
declaring it piracy, and covering the African seas with
armed vessels to prevent it--Sir Thomas Fowel Bux-
ton, a coadjutor of yours, declared in 1840, that the
number of Africans now annually sold into slavery
beyond the sea, amounts, at the very least, to one
hundred and fifty thousand souls ; while the mortality
of the Middle Passage has increased, in consequence of
the measures taken to suppress the trade, to 25 or 30
per cent. And of the one hundred and fifty thousand
slaves who have been captured and liberated by British
men. of war since the passage of your Act, Judge
Jay, an American Abolitionist, asserts that one hundred
thousand, or two-thirds, have perished between their
capture and liberation. Does it not really seem that
Mr. Grosvenor was a Prophet ? That though nearly
all the " impossibilities" of 178i have vanished, and
become as familiar facts as our household customs,
under the magic influence of Steam, Cotton and univer-
sal peace, yet this wonderful prophecy still stands,
defying time and the energy and genius of mankind.
Thousands of valuable lives and fifty millions of pounds
sterling have been thrown away by your government
in fruitless attempts to overturn it. I hope you have
not lived too long for your own happiness, though you
have been thus spared to see that, in spite of all your
toils and those of your fellow laborers, and the accom-
plishment of all that human agency could do, the
African Slave Trade has increased threefold under
your own eyes more rapidly, perhaps, than any other