Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Two Letters on the Subject of Slavery in the United States, Addressed to Thomas Clarkson, Esq. >> Page 129

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Page 129

Correspondence | John F. Trow & Co.; The Reprint Company | 1866, 1978
Transcription 129
gated to it by others. Against such instigations we
are always on our guard. In time of war we should
be more watchful and better prepared to put down in-
surrections than at any other periods. Should any for-
eign nation be so lost to every sentiment of civilized
humanity as to attempt to erect among us the standard
of revolt, or to invade us with Black Troops for the
base and barbarous purpose of stirring up servile war,
their efforts would be signally rebuked. Our slaves
could not be easily seduced, nor would anything de-
light them more than to assist in stripping Cuffee of
his regimentals to put him in the Cotton-field, which
would be the fate of most black invaders, without any
very prolix form of " apprenticeship." If, as I am sat-
isfied would be the case, our slaves remained peaceful
on our plantations, and cultivated them in time of war
under the superintendence of a limited number of our
citizens, it is obvious that we could put forth more
strength in such an emergency, at less sacrifice, than
any other people of the same numbers. And thus we
should, in every point of view, "out of this nettle dan-
ger, pluck the flower safety."
How far slavery may be an advantage or disadvan-
tage to those not owning slaves, yet united with us in
political association, is a question for their sole conside-
ration. It is true that our Representation in Congress
is increased by it. But so are our Taxes ; and the non-
slave-holding States, being the majority, divide among
themselves far the greater portion of the amount levied
by the Federal Government. And I doubt not that,
when it comes to a close calculation, they will not be
slow in finding out that the balance of profit arising
from the connection is vastly in their favor.