Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Two Letters on the Subject of Slavery in the United States, Addressed to Thomas Clarkson, Esq. >> Page 195

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Page 195

Correspondence | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 195
not intend to repeat what I have already said, or to
trace its career more minutely at present. But the
Legislation of Great Britain will make it historical ;
and, doubtless, you must feel some curiosity to know
how it will figure on the page of the Annalist. I
think I can tell you. Though I have accorded and do
accord to you and your party great influence in bring-
ing about the Parliamentary action of your country,
you must not expect to go don to posterity as the
only cause of it. Though you trace the progenitors of
Abolition from 1516, through a long stream with divers
branches, down to the period of its triumph in your
country ; it has not escaped contemporaries, and will
not escape posterity, that England, without much
effort, sustained the storm of its scoffs and threats until
the moment arrived when she thought her colonies
fully supplied with Africans ; and declared against the
Slave Trade only when she deemed it unnecessary to
her, and when her colonies full of Slaves would have
great advantages over others not so well provided.
Nor did she agree to West India emancipation until,
discovering the error of her previous calculation, it be-
came an object to have slaves free throughout the
Western world, and, on the ruins of the Sugar and
Cotton growers of America and the Islands, to build
up her great Slave Empire in the East ; while her
indefatigable exertions, still continued, to engraft the
Right of Search upon the Law of Nations, on the plea
of putting an end to the forever increasing Slave
Trade, are well understood to have chiefly in view the
complete establishment of her supremacy at sea.*
* On these points let me recommend you to consult a very able Essay on the Slave Trade and Right of Search by M. Jollivet, recently pub-