Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 253

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Page 253

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 253
constitutional Revenue Tariff; and elsewhere, to mean
a Protective Tariff.
In 1828, at the end of four years, as was usual, a
new tariff bill was brought forward in Congress. It
was blotched and bloated with the corrupt bids of a
majority of the Jackson party, itself, for manufacturers'
votes, to be paid in gold wrung from the already over-
burdened South. And so extravagant were these bids
that the protective interests hesitated to accept a bribe
so monstrous, lest they should over-shoot the mark and
fall under public odium. It was thought, at one time,
that the vote in the Senate would be a tie, and the
fate of the bill would depend on the casting vote of
the presiding officer. Mr. Calhoun was then Vice-
President, and a candidate for reelection on the same
ticket with Gen. Jackson, whose success depended en-
tirely on the support of Mr. Calhoun's friends. It was
confidently believed that, save Gen. Jackson, there was
no one so popular throughout the Union as Mr. Cal-
houn ; and his accession to the Presidency, on the
retirement of Gen. Jackson, was considered almost
certain. It was known that he was opposed to this
bill, and he was now appealed to as the supporter of
Gen. Jackson, and candidate of the Republican Party
for the Vice-Presidency, and out of regard to his own
future prospects, not to give his casting vote against it,
but to leave the chair, as was not at all unusual, and
allow the bill to take the chances of the Senate. Mr.
Calhoun knew the full import of his reply to this
appeal. If he not only refused to pledge himself to a
" Judicious Tariff," but openly and unequivocally took
his stand against the whole protective system, now
overwhelmingly popular, he surrendered, in all human