Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 257

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Page 257

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 257
jority of one vote, and became a law. So exorbitant
were its exactions, that out of an import of $64,000,000
it carried $32,000,000 into the Treasury. Mr. Cal-
houn, who had announced his intention to vote against
it, was loud in his denunciations of it and of the protec-
tive system ; and at the next succeeding Session of our
State Legislature, an exposition was presented by the
Committee of Federal Relations, drawn up by him,
in which the whole subject was elaborately discussed.
It was then that he suggested as the ultimate remedy,
a resort to the State Veto--or nullification, as it is
commonly called. It was not, however, Mr. Calhoun's
opinion that the remedy should be immediately ap-
plied. It was certain that Gen. Jackson and himself
would be elected President and Vice-President in a
few months, for, as yet, war had not been openly de-
clared against him his support being essential to the
success of the Jackson party. He thought it prudent
to await a full explanation of Gen. Jackson's " Judi-
cious Tariff ; " and was not without hope that, through
his influence, the protective system might be broken
down. Besides, the period was near at hand when the
Public Debt would be discharged, and no shadow of
reason would remain for imposing high duties for rev-
enue purposes. But the first Message of Gen. Jackson
removed every doubt as to his policy, and showed
clearly that he meant to sustain the Tariff interest.
He also produced a breach between himself and Mr.
Calhoun as soon as the prominent Executive appoint-
ments were confirmed, by reviving an old controversy
supposed to have been settled many years before. It
was evident that Mr. Calhoun had been doomed from
the moment he had definitely taken ground against the