Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 258

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Page 258

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 258
Protective System, and war was now made upon him
with out disguise.
Gen. Jackson did indeed denounce the Bank ; and,
early in his first term, he vetoed the Maysville Bill,
and proposed a limit to appropriations for Internal Im-
provements—a limit, however, that was uncertain and
discretionary with the President, and soon abandoned
by himself. At the same time, he suggested a mon-
strous scheme for the permanent distribution among
the States of the surplus revenue arising from the im-
posts ; thus clearly showing that he would uphold Pro-
tection, even after the payment of the Public Debt,
and perpetuate the system forever by corrupting the
States.
Seeing, then, that there was no hope of any change
in the action of the Federal Government, in regard to
the Tariff, and its most objectionable cognate measures,
the question as to what remedy a State could apply
was seriously agitated in South Carolina. Mr. Calhoun
proposed Nullification, and a considerable majority de-
clared for it almost at once. But it required a vote of
two-thirds in the Legislature to call a convention to
enact a Nullifying ordinance. A warm and even bit-
ter contest on this question was waged among the peo-
ple of this State, until the October election in 1832,
when the requisite majority was obtained. Gov. Ham-
ilton immediately summoned the Legislature to as-
semble—a Convention was called, and in November of
that year, all the Acts of Congress imposing duties, and
especially the Acts of 1828 and 1832, were nullified
and declared void and of no effect in the State of South
Carolina. The Tariff Act of 1832 was named, because,
as was customary every four years, the duties had