Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 267

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Page 267

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 267
After many defeats and great difficulties in a contest
that lasted six or seven years, this Sub-Treasury sys-
tem, with the specie feature, finally prevailed, and has
been found to work admirably. It has put an end to
every prospect of the recharter of the United States
Bank, and that once alarming source of danger to our
Institutions, may be said to be extinct.
For the part which Mr. Calhoun took on this occa-
sion, he was subjected to a new and tremendous tor-
rent of abuse and calumny. His course, since 1833,
had led him to act mostly with the Opposition, who
were endeavoring to check the march of Executive
usurpation. This Opposition was composed chiefly of
the surviving Federalists, and the recruits they had
made from time to time, and now assumed the name of
the Whig party, and on this very question received a
large accession of State Rights men, and even Nullifi-
ers, whose attachments and hostilities to men, and to
subordinate measures, blinded them apparently to
principles. With all these, Mr. Calhoun parted, when
he took his ground in favor of the Sub-Treasury. He
was charged with deserting his Party, though he had
refused openly in the Senate to be called a Whig, and
had, again and again, declared that he did not belong
to either of the leading parties, but would act indif-
ferently with whichever might be promoting his views
of the Constitution and true policy of the Country.
The charge of inconsistency, now so warmly urged
against him, had been incessantly reiterated from 1828,
and was continued, more or less, to the hour of his
death. It is surprising, that, in an enlightened age like
this, such narrow notions of consistency should so ex-
tensively prevail. The situation of public affairs is