Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 271

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Page 271

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 271
was again proposed by some in South Carolina. But
Mr. Calhoun resisted it, because he believed that the
next Congressional Elections would bring the Republi-
cans into power, and that they would repeal the law.
They obtained majorities, but did not repeal ; and in
1844, a more strenuous effort was made to excite State
iuterposition. But Mr. Calhoun resisted still. There
was one hope left. The approaching election for Presi-
dent would give the Republicans complete control of
the Federal Government, and he desired to await that
event. The fact was, that after the experience of 1833,
the consolidation principles then avowed by all par-
ties and the growing alienations of the different sections
since he believed the Union could not survive the
decisive resistance of a State on points of vital interest,
and his attachment to it was so deep that he was averse
to putting it to hazard, while any reasonable hope was
left of redress by other means. A Republican Presi-
dent was elected, and in 1846, the Tariff of 1842 was
so materially modified as to forbid extreme resistance.
But, after all the struggles of more than a quarter of
a century, the Protective System, though somewhat
weakened in opinion and narrowed in action, still
flourishes in violation of every principle of free and
equal Government—a gross infraction of the Constitu-
tion, and a deadly injury to the South.
During the Session of 1843, Mr. Calhoun again
strikingly displayed his devotion to his country, and
the impossibility of surrendering his serious convic-
tions and his patriotic sense of duty to party consid-
erations, by strenuously and successfully opposing, in
common with the Whigs, a proposition from the Re-
publican ranks to take possession of the whole of Ore-