Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 282

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Page 282

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 282
spoil, has never yet been effectually checked except
by force.
It has not, however, yet become the plan of the
Abolitionists to carry their purposes by a direct and
decisive exertion of the political power they possess.
They wish ''first to acquire a more overwhelming
power, both political and physical. And, to effect
this, they have aimed steadily to enlarge their own
domain and to narrow down that of the Slaveholders,
while they have endeavored to divide the South by
appeals to the consciences of all, and to the supposed
interests of the non-Slaveholders among us. And the
two great political parties of the North have skilfully
aided them in dividing and lulling the South for the
purpose of keeping up their own connections with
their respective allies here. They have united in
denouncing, and have taught many - to denounce as
ultraists, disunionists and traitors, all those who have
attempted to awaken the Southern people to a sense
of the dangers that environed them. And more
did they denounce than all the rest Mr. Calhoun,
whose sagacity could not be deluded whose virtue
was incorruptible, and whose constant exposure of
their designs, and effective opposition to them, was
apparently the greatest obstacle to their success.
Listening to no compromises, and snapping instantly
every party tie where this transcendent question was
involved, he waged mortal combat on every issue,
open or concealed. The great difficulty with the
Abolitionists was to identify their cause with some of
the great practical political questions of the country.
The pretended infringement of the much abused right
of petition could not be made to serve them materially,