Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 289

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Page 289

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 289
the best remedies he can. This was the great object of
Mr. Calhoun for the last two and twenty years of his
career. For this he lived : and to this his last efforts
and his latest thoughts were consecrated.
Consecrated in vain ! for already the disease has
passed a fatal crisis, and there is no longer a remedy
that can save. California has been admitted, and the
equilibrium of this Government has been destroyed
forever. The edict has gone forth that no new Slave-
holding State shall ever enter the Union : and the
South, deprived at last, and finally, of her equality in
the Senate, the only safe hold she ever had in this Con-
federacy, and from which she has so long and so nobly
battled for her rights, is now condemned to a minority
that can know no change, in every department of the
Federal Government. The Slaveholding States have
become emphatically the Provinces of a great Empire,
ruled by a permanent sectional majority, unrelentingly
hostile to them, and daring, as it is despotic.- If they
submit to continue thus, their history is already written
in the chronicles of Poland,'of Hungary, and of Ire-
land—perhaps of St. Domingo and Jamaica.
After the 4th of March, Mr. Calhoun went but two
or three times to the Senate Chamber. His last ap-
pearance there was on the 13th of that month ; and as
if the political storms which had pursued him so long
were fated to pursue him to the last, he had, on that
day, a warm debate, in which he was compelled to
maintain the expediency of his proposition to amend
the Constitution ; and to defend himself from the charge
of aiming to dissolve the Union. He retired exhausted,
and returned no more. But still his thoughts were
there, and his anxious interest for his distracted coun-