Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> An Oration on the Life, Character, and Services of John Caldwell Calhoun, Delivered on the 21st November 1850, in Charleston, S.C., at the Request of the City Council >> Page 300

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 300
hand how capable it is of unlimited expansion, to
meet all the exigencies and reap all the benefits of
real progress if its power is confided to the proper
majorities and their suffrages collected in the proper
manner; and how its harmony may be kept undis,
turbed and its duration made perpetual, by securing
to the minorities the sacred and all-important right of
self-protection. In short, he has so thoroughly eluci-
dated all the checks and balances of Free Constitu-
tions—simple and confederated that henceforth, in
the long tide of time, no Republic will be erected or
reformed on a durable foundation, without a constant
recurrence to the theories he has discussed, and the
measures he has proposed ; and a profound observance
of the precepts he has taught.
I have endeavored to point out the most prom-
inent events in the life of Mr. Calhoun : the parts he
took in public affairs ; the services he rendered his
country ; the policy and views by which he was at
various periods influenced. I have also endeavored to
pourtray the most striking features of his moral and
intellectual character ; and have briefly reviewed his
Statesmanship. My task is executed, however feebly
and imperfectly. It would be vain to attempt to
fathom the Divine Will, and seek to learn why, in
this most eventful period of our history, our Great
Leader has been snatched away, leaving no one behind
who can fill his place. What we do know is, that
high and sacred duties have devolved on us; and
imitating his illustrious. example, we should go for-
ward in the performance of them with "unshaken
confidence in the Providence of God."