Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 310

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 310
those institutions will hold together with slavery ine-
radicable.
The Senator from New York entered very fairly
into this field yesterday. I was surprised, the other
day, when he so openly said " the battle had been
fought and won." Although I knew, and had long
known it to be true, I was surprised to hear him say so.
I thought that he had been entrapped into a hasty ex-
pression by the sharp rebukes of the Senator from New
Hampshire ; and I was glad to learn yesterday that his
words had been well considered that they meant all
that I thought they meant ; that they meant that the
South is a conquered province, and that the North in-
tends to rule it. He said that it was their intention
" to take this Government from unjust and unfaithful
hands, and place it in just and faithful hands ;" that it
was their intention to consecrate all the Territories of
the Union to free labor ; snd that, to effect their pur-
poses, they intended to reconstruct the Supreme Court.
The Senator said, suppose we admit Kansas with
the Lecompton constitution what guarantees are there
that Congress will not again interfere with the affairs
of Kansas ? meaning, I suppose, that if she abolished
slavery, what guarantee there was that Congress would
not force it upon her again. So far as we of the South
are concerned, you have, at least, the guarantee of good
faith that never has been violated. But what guaran-
tee have we, when you have this Government in your
possession, in all its departments, even if we submit
quietly to what the Senator exhorts us to submit to--
the limitation of slavery to its present territory, and
even to the reconstruction of the Supreme Court that
you will not plunder us with tariffs ; that you will not