Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 311

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 311
bankrupt us with internal improvements and bounties
on your exports ; that you will not cramp us with navi-
gation laws, and other laws impeding the facilities of
transportation to southern produce ? What guar-
antee have we that you will not create a new bank,
and concentrate all the finances of this country at the
North, where already, for the want of direct trade and
a proper system of banking in the South, they are
ruinously concentrated ? Nay, what guarantee have
we that you will not emancipate our slaves, or, at least,
make the attempt ? We cannot rely on your faith when
you have the power. It has been always broken when-
ever pledged.
As I am disposed to see this question settled as v`
soon as possible, and am perfectly willing to have a
final and conclusive settlement now, after what the Sena-
tor from New York has said, I think it not improper
that I should attempt to bring the North and South
face to face, and see what resources each of us might
have in the contingency of separate organizations.
If we never acquire another foot of territory for the
South, look at her. Eight hundred and fifty thousand
square miles. As large as Great Britian, France, Aus-
tria, Prussia and Spain. Is not that territory enough
to make an empire that shall rule the world ? With
the finest soil, the most delightful climate, whose staple
productions none of those great countries can grow, we
have three thousand miles of continental sea-shore line
so indented with bays and crowded with islands, that,
when their shore lines are added, we have twelve thou-
sand miles. Through the heart of our country runs
the great Mississippi, the father of waters, into whose
bosom are poured thirty-six thousand miles of tribu-