Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 313

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 313
as those of the whole United States then. Upon our
muster-rolls we have a million of men. In a defensive
war, upon an emergency, every one of them would be
available. At any time, the South can raise, equip, and "
maintain in the field, a larger army than any Power of
the earth can send against her, and an army of soldiers
—men brought up on horseback, with guns in their hands.
If we take the North, even when the two large
States of Kansas and Minnesota shall be admitted, her
territory will be one hundred thousand square miles
less than ours. I do not speak of California and Ore-
gon ; there is no antagonism between the South and
those countries, and never will be. The population of
the North is fifty per cent. greater than ours. I have
nothing to say in disparagement either of the soil of
the North, or the people of the North, who are a brave
and energetic race, full of intellect. But they produce
no great staple that the South does not produce ; while
we produce two or three, and these the very greatest,
that she can never produce. As to her men, I may be
allowed to say, they have never proved themselves to
be superior to those of the South, either in the field or
in the Senate.
But the strength of a nation depends in a great
measure upon its wealth, and the wealth of a nation,
like that of a man, is to be estimated by its surplus
production. You may go to your trashy census books,
full of falsehood and nonsense they tell you, for ex-
ample, that in the State of Tennessee, the whole num-
ber of house-servants is not equal to that of those in
my own house, and such things as that. You may es-
timate what is made throughout the country from these
census books, but it is no matter how much is made if