Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 316

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Page 316

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 316
With an export of $220,000,000 under the present
tariff, the South organized separately would have
$40,000,000 of revenue. With one-fourth the present
tariff, she would have a revenue with the present
tariff adequate to all her wants, for the South would
never go to war; she would never need an army or a
navy, beyond a few garrisons on the frontiers and a
few revenue cutters. It is commerce that breeds war.
It is manufactures that require to be hawked about
the world, and that give rise to navies and commerce.
But we have nothing to do but to take off restrictions
on foreign merchandise and open our ports, and the
whole world will come to us to trade. They will be
too glad to bring and carry us, and we never shall
dream of a war. Why the South has never yet
had a just cause of war except with the North.
Every time she has drawn her sword it has been on
the point of honor, and that point of honor has been
mainly loyalty to her sister colonies and sister States,
who have ever since plundered and calumniated her.
But if there were no other reason why we should
never have war, would any sane nation make war on
cotton? Without firing a gun, without drawing a
sword, should they make war on us we could bring
the whole world to our feet. The South is perfectly
competent to go on, one, two, or three years without
planting a seed of cotton. I believe that if she was
to plant but half her cotton, for three years to come,
it would be an immense advantage to her. I am not
so sure but that after three years' entire abstinence she
would come out stronger than ever she was before, and
better prepared to enter afresh upon her great career
of enterprise. What would happen if no cotton was