Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 320

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription J
320
globe can be compared with the slaves of the South.
They are happy, content, unaspiring, and utterly in-
capable, from intellectual weakness, ever to give us
any trouble by their aspirations. Yours are white, of
your own race ; ' you are brothers of one blood. They
are your equals in natural endowment of intellect,
and they feel galled by their degradation. Our slaves
do not vote. We give them no political power.
Yours do vote, and, being the majority, they are the
depositaries of all your political power. If they knew
the tremendous secret, that the ballot-box is stronger
than " an army with banners," and could combine,
where would you be ? Your society would be recon-
structed, your government overthrown, your property
divided, not as they have mistakenly attempted to
initiate such proceedings by meeting in parks, with
arms in their hands, but by the quiet process of the
ballot-box. You have been making war upon us to
our very hearthstones. How would you like for us to
send lecturers and agitators North, to teach these
people this, to aid in combining, and to lead them ?
Mr. Wilson and others. Send them along.
Mr. Hammond. You say send them along. There
is no need of that. Your people are awaking. They
are coming here. They are thundering at our doors
for homesteads, one hundred and sixty acres of land
for nothing, and Southern Senators are supporting
them. Nay, they are assembling, as I have said, with
arms in their hands, and demanding work at $1,000
a year for six hours a day. . Have you heard that the
ghosts of Mendoza and Torquemada are stalking in
the streets of your great cities ? That the inquisition
is at hand ? There is afloat a fearful rumor that there