Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech on the Admission of Kansas, Under the Lecompton Constitution, Delivered in the Senate of the United States, March 4, 1858 >> Page 321

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 321
have been consultations for Vigilance Committees.
You know what that means.
Transient and temporary causes have thus far been
your preservation. The great West has been open to
your sr (plus population, and your hordes of semi-
barbarian immigrants, who are crowding in year by
year. They make a great movement, and you call it
progress. Whither ? It is progress ; but it is pro-
gress towards Vigilance Committees. The South have
sustained you in a great measure. You are our factors.
You fetch and carry for us. One hundred and fifty
million dollars of our money passes annually through
your hands. Much of it sticks ; all of it assists to keep
your machinery together and in motion. Suppose we
were to discharge you ; suppose we were to take our
business out of your hands ,—we should consign you
to anarchy and poverty. You complain of the rule
of the South ; that has been another cause that has
preserved you. We have kept the Government con-
servative to the great purposes of the Constitution.
We have placed it, and kept it, upon the Constitution ;
and that has been the cause of your peace and pros-
perity. The Senator from New York says that that
is about to be at an end ; that you intend to take the
Government from us ; that it will pass from our hands
into yours. Perhaps what he says is true ; it may be ;
but do not forget it can never be forgotten it is
written on the brightest page of human history that
we, the slaveholders of the South, took our country in
her infancy, and, after ruling her for sixty out of the
seventy years of her existence, we surrendered her to
you without a stain upon her honor, boundless in