Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 327

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Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 327
and this additional nineteen millions (which, if allowed,
would probably have kept them again from the recent
polls) was what the South was expected to pay for
that worthless slavery clause, which would have been
annulled as soon as Kansas was admitted. I confess
my opinion was that the South herself should kick that
Constitution out of Congress. But the South thought
otherwise. When the bill for its adoption was framed,
with what is called the Green Proviso, I strenuously
objected to it, and felt very much disposed to vote
against the whole, but again gave way to the South,
which accepted it by acclamation. If that proviso
meant nothing, (and so I finally interpreted it,) it was
nonsense, and had no business there, being without
precedent. If it could be made to mean anything, it
must have been something wrong and dangerous. But,
as I said, the South, far and wide, took that bill. The
House rejected it. They passed then the Crittenden
substitute, which proposed to submit the Lecompton
Constitution to a vote of the people of Kansas, and to
accept it, if ratified by them. The Senate had pre-
viously refused that substitute, and did so a second
time. It then asked a committee of conference. That
committee reported what is called the " English Bill."
By that bill Congress accepted the Lecompton Consti-
tution, pure and simple, without proviso. The land
ordinance of the Lecompton Constitution (which was
in no wise a part of the constitution, but a separate
measure) demanded, as I have said, a donation of some
twenty-three millions of acres of land, being nineteen
millions more than had been given to any other land
State. The " English Bill" cut this down to the usual
amount of four millions of acres, and required that the