Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 328

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Page 328

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 328
people of Kansas should ratify this modification, and
surrender all claim to the remainder of the lands, as
the condition of her final admission. Such a requisi-
tion has been made on every new State, carved out of
the public lands, that has been admitted into this Union
sometimes in the enabling act,- and, where there was
none, always after accepting the constitution. Go to
the statutes of Congress, and you will find it in every
one of them. It is the custom—it is necessary—and
this feature in the " English Bill " was in accordance
with strict precedent. The only difference is this : that,
usually, the Legislature of the State has been required
to accept this compact by an irrevocable act, but in
this case it was referred to the people of Kansas di-
rectly. in this there was no sacrifice of principle what-
ever, nor was it without precedent altogether ; for in
the case of the State last before admitted, (Iowa,) this
question had been submitted to the Legislature or the
people, as Iowa might prefer. This is the whole sum
and substance of this " English Bill," except that it
further declared that unless the people of Kansas ac-
cepted this modified ordinance, they should not be ad-
mitted as a State until they had a population that would
entitle them to one Representative under the Federal
apportionment. I voted for this bill ; I voted proper-
ly ; I voted no compromise ; I sacrificed no particle of
principle or Southern interest. It is true, its phrase-
ology is halting and bungling ; it was drawn up hastily
and in great excitement: I objected to the wording
of it in several passages, but I assured. myself that
nothing sinister was designed, and I voted for it, leaving
its authors responsible for its diction on the statute
book. I thought it preferable to the first bill the