Wlliam Gilmore Simms
Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond, of South Carolina >> Speech Delivered at Barnwell C.H., S.C., October 29, 1858 >> Page 335

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Page 335

Speech | The Reprint Company; John F. Trow & Co. | 1866, 1978
Transcription 335
more we shall have Kansas, Nebraska, Washington,
New Mexico, and perhaps others, on our roll. The
emigration from Europe to the North, is sufficient to
form one or more new States every year. To the
South there is literally no emigration. We have,
since the closing of the slave trade, added to our
population mainly by the natural increase of our
people, and we have no surplus population, white or
black, to colonize new States. We lost Kansas partly
by our inability to colonize it, and we are perhaps yet
to have a struggle for a portion of Texas. The idea
then of recovering the equality of the two sections,
even in the Senate, seems remote indeed. We have it
proposed to re-open the African slave trade, and bring
in hordes of slaves from that prolific region to restore
the balance. I once entertained that idea myself, but
on further investigation I abandoned it. I will not
now go into the discussion of it, further than to say
that the South is itself divided on that policy, and,
from appearances, opposed to it by a vast majority,
while the North is unanimously against it. It would
be impossible to get Congress to re-open the trade.
If it could be done then it would be unnecessary, for
that result could only be brought about by such an
entire abandonment by the North and the world of all
opposition to our slave system, that we might safely
cease to erect any defences for it.
But if we could introduce slaves, where could we
find suitable territory for new slave States ? The
Indian Reserve, west of Arkansas, might make one.
But we have solemnly guaranteed that to the rem-
nants of the red race. Everywhere else, I believe,
the borders of our States have reached the great